Significance of Ecological Factors in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition

  title={Significance of Ecological Factors in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition},
  author={Liubov V. Golovanova and Vladimir Doronichev and Naomi Cleghorn and M. A. Koulkova and T. V. Sapelko and M. Steven Shackley},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={655 - 691}
For the first time, we have identified evidence that the disappearance of Neanderthals in the Caucasus coincides with a volcanic eruption at about 40,000 BP. Our data support the hypothesis that the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in western Eurasia correlates with a global volcanogenic catastrophe. The coeval volcanic eruptions (from a large Campanian Ignimbrite eruption to a smaller eruption in the Central Caucasus) had an unusually sudden and devastating effect on the ecology and… 

Impact of Climatic Stresses and Volcanism on the Tendencies of the Cultural Process in the North Caucasus during the Late Pleistocene

Multidisciplinary investigations into Paleolithic sites make it possible to identify all the main stadials in the Late Pleistocene history of the North Caucasus, including Heinrich stadials 6 (ca.

Human adaptations to climatic change in Liguria across the Middle–Upper Paleolithic transition

There has been much focus on the disruptive effects of dramatic climatic shifts on Paleolithic population dynamics, but the topic of cultural continuity across such events has been less intensely

Volcanism and Settlement of the Northern Slope of the Central Caucasus in the Middle Paleolithic: New Data from Saradj-Chuko Grotto

The problem of the settlement of the territory of the Northern Caucasus in the Paleolithic and its dependence on volcanic activity factors, climate, and shift in ecological niches is very relevant in

Complexity in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition in Peninsular Southern Europe and application of refugium concepts

During the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in the Balkan, Italian and Iberian peninsulas of southern Europe, late Neanderthal and early Anatomically Modern Human (AMH) populations may have

Revised age of late Neanderthal occupation and the end of the Middle Paleolithic in the northern Caucasus

It is indicated at a high level of probability that Neanderthals did not survive at Mezmaiskaya Cave after 39 ka cal BP ("calendrical" age in kiloannum before present, based on IntCal09 calibration curve).

New chronology for the Middle Palaeolithic of the southern Caucasus suggests early demise of Neanderthals in this region.

Middle Pleistocene environments, landscapes and tephrostratigraphy of the Armenian Highlands: evidence from Bird Farm 1, Hrazdan Valley

The significance of the southern Caucasus in understanding Pleistocene hominin expansions is well established. However, the palaeoenvironments in which Palaeolithic occupation of the region took

Chronological reassessment of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and Early Upper Paleolithic cultures in Cantabrian Spain

46 new radiocarbon dates conducted using ultrafiltration pre-treatment method of anthropogenically manipulated bones from 13 sites in the Cantabrian region containing Mousterian, Aurignacian and Gravettian levels are presented, indicating that Neanderthals and AMH co-existed <1,000 years.

Middle Palaeolithic human occupation of the high altitude region of Hovk-1, Armenia




Timescales and cultural process at 40,000 BP in the light of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption, Western Eurasia.


ABSTRACT: The systematic excavations at Ortvale Klde rockshelter and Dzudzuana Cave in Western Georgia uncovered an occupational sequence spanning the Late Mousterian and Early Upper Paleolithic. The

The Campanian Ignimbrite Eruption, Heinrich Event 4, and Palaeolithic Change in Europe: A High-Resolution Investigation

The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption from the Phlegraean Fields Caldera, southern Italy, represents one of the largest late Quaternary volcanic event. Its recent dating at 39,280±110 yr BP draws

Time for the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe.

  • W. Roebroeks
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2008

Pego do Diabo (Loures, Portugal): Dating the Emergence of Anatomical Modernity in Westernmost Eurasia

These findings have implications for the understanding of the emergence of anatomical modernity in the Old World as a whole, support explanations of the archaic features of the Lagar Velho child's anatomy that invoke evolutionarily significant Neandertal/modern admixture at the time of contact, and counter suggestions that NeandERTals could have survived in southwest Iberia until as late as the Last Glacial Maximum.

Dating the demise: neandertal extinction and the establishment of modern humans in the southern Caucasus.

New constraints on the pyroclastic eruptive history of the Campanian volcanic Plain (Italy)

Summary The ∼ 150 km3 (DRE) trachytic Campanian Ignimbrite, which is situated north-west of Naples, Italy, is one of the largest eruptions in the Mediterranean region in the last 200 ky. Despite

Ecosystem Impact of the Campanian Ignimbrite Eruption in Late Pleistocene Europe

Abstract The dating of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption to ∼37,000 cal yr B.P. draws attention to the coincidence of this volcanic catastrophe and the suite of coeval, Late Pleistocene