Signal transduction pathways mediating CCK-induced gallbladder muscle contraction.


The signal transduction that mediates CCK-induced contraction of gallbladder muscle was investigated in the cat. Contraction was measured by scanning micrometry in single muscle cells isolated enzymatically with collagenase. Production of D-myo-inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3) and sn-1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) was quantitated using HPLC and TLC, respectively. Protein kinase C (PKC) activity was determined by measuring the phosphorylation of a specific substrate peptide from myelin basic protein, Ac-MBP-(4-14). CCK-induced contraction was blocked by incubation in strontium medium, pertussis toxin (PTx), and antibodies against Gialpha3 or betagamma-subunits but was not blocked by Ca2+-free medium or by antibodies against Gq/11alpha, Gialpha1-2, or Goalpha. The contraction induced by CCK was inhibited by the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor U-73122, anti-PLC-beta3 antibody, and the IP3 receptor antagonist heparin but was not inhibited by the the phospholipase D inhibitor propranolol or antibodies against PLC-beta1 or PLC-beta2. Western blot analysis of gallbladder muscle revealed the presence of PLC-beta2 and PLC-beta3 but not PLC-beta1. CCK caused a 94% increase in IP3 generation and an 86% increase in DAG generation. A low dose of CCK caused PKC translocation, and CCK-induced contraction was blocked by the PKC inhibitor H-7. A high dose of CCK, however, caused no PKC translocation, and its contraction was blocked by the calmodulin antagonist CGS9343B. In conclusion, CCK contracts cat gallbladder muscle by stimulating PTx-sensitive Gi 3 protein coupled with PLC-beta3, producing IP3 and DAG. Low doses activate PKC, whereas high doses activate calmodulin.

10 Figures and Tables


Citations per Year

637 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 637 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Yu1998SignalTP, title={Signal transduction pathways mediating CCK-induced gallbladder muscle contraction.}, author={Paul Chuan-Wei Yu and Q. Chen and Zhuopeng Xiao and Karen M Harnett and Piero Biancani and Jos{\'e} Behar}, journal={The American journal of physiology}, year={1998}, volume={275 2 Pt 1}, pages={G203-11} }