Signal degradation by second-order polarization-mode dispersion and noise

@article{Gravemann2004SignalDB,
  title={Signal degradation by second-order polarization-mode dispersion and noise},
  author={T. Gravemann and J. Kissing and Edgar Voges},
  journal={IEEE Photonics Technology Letters},
  year={2004},
  volume={16},
  pages={795-797}
}
To specify the impact of polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) on optical signal transmission, formulas are derived both for the effective pulse broadening and the eye-opening penalty up to second order. Furthermore, a probability density function of the Q factor is set up due to second-order PMD and amplified spontaneous emission noise. The relations are… CONTINUE READING