Sighting the apu: a GIS analysis of Wari imperialism and the worship of mountain peaks

  title={Sighting the apu: a GIS analysis of Wari imperialism and the worship of mountain peaks},
  author={P. R. Williams and D. Nash},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  pages={455 - 468}
  • P. R. Williams, D. Nash
  • Published 2006
  • History
  • World Archaeology
  • Abstract In the Andes, prominent mountains are revered as earthly spirits that protect, but may also punish, their human constituents. These apu were often linked to distant ancestors and are considered the most important local deities. During the phase of the earliest highland Andean expansive states (ad 600–1000), the Wari and Tiwanaku utilized mountain worship as a means of establishing hegemony over local peoples who considered these mountains as places of ancestral origins. By usurping the… CONTINUE READING
    43 Citations
    Regional Ways of Seeing: A Big-Data Approach for Measuring Ancient Visualscapes


    Water, Huacas, and Ancestor Worship: Traces of a Sacred Wari Landscape
    • 44
    • Highly Influential
    Architecture and Power on the Wari–Tiwanaku Frontier
    • 6
    • PDF
    Burning down the brewery: establishing and evacuating an ancient imperial colony at Cerro Baul, Peru.
    • 96
    • PDF
    Cerro Baúl: A Wari Center on the Tiwanaku Frontier
    • 94
    • PDF
    Los cerros sagrados: panorama del Periodo Formativo en la cuenca del Vilcanota, Cuzco
    • 6
    The Tiwanaku: Portrait of an Andean Civilization
    • 202
    • PDF
    Carnaval in Yura: ritual reflections on ayllu and state relations
    • 28
    Domination and Cultural Resistance: Authority and Power Among an Andean People
    • 61
    The Hold Life Has: Coca and Cultural Identity in an Andean Community
    • 172