Side-effects of henna and semi-permanent 'black henna' tattoos: a full review.

  title={Side-effects of henna and semi-permanent 'black henna' tattoos: a full review.},
  author={Anton C. Groot},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
  • A. Groot
  • Published 1 July 2013
  • Medicine
  • Contact Dermatitis
Summary Henna, the dried and powdered leaf of Lawsonia inermis, is widely used as a dye for the skin, hair, and nails, and as an expression of body art, especially in Islamic and Hindu cultures. As it stains the skin reddish-brown, it is also called red henna. Black henna is the combination of red henna with p-phenylenediamine (PPD), and is used for temporary ‘black henna tattoos’. This article provides a full review of the side-effects of topical application of red and black henna, both… 

Hypersensitivity reactions due to black henna tattoos and their components: are the clinical pictures related to the immune pathomechanism?

The literature underlines that different clinical manifestations are related to black henna containing PPD, and its derivative products may cause delayed-type as well as immediate-type reactions, and further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between clinical and morphological aspects of PPD contact dermatitis and the T cell subsets predominance.

‘Sign of the kiss’ from black henna tattoos

This work describes a unique case in whom the application of black henna tattoo ink resulted in severe allergic contact dermatitis at the tattooed sites, but also in non-tattooed skin areas juxtaposed to these – a so-called ‘sign of the kiss’.

Airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by a henna stone

A teenager who developed an unusual airborne contact dermatitis while trying to crush a henna stone outdoors on a windy day is presented; a unique case.

p-Phenylenediamine and Risk of Sensitization in Children

It is not recommended to get temporary henna tattoos under any circumstances and children under the age of 16 years should not use permanent hair dyes in order to avoid severe allergic reactions and life-long sensitization to PPD.

para-Phenylenediamine Hypersensitivity: A Report From Budapest, Hungary, 2007–2014

It is alarming that PPD hypersensitivity occurred even among teenagers, and may be mainly explained by hair dyeing at an early age.

Henna stone: a lesser‐known solid material from which to obtain black henna paste

It is proposed that ‘henna stones’ contain high proportions of p-phenylenediamine, significantly higher than previously reported PPD concentrations in black henna samples.

P-Phenylenediamine in Black Henna Temporary Tattoos: A Pediatric Problem Despite Prohibition

Para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is a known strong sensitizer and allergen. It has been directly as- sociated with severe allergic contact dermatitis reactions and systemic toxicities. While PPD is

Para-phenylenediamine allergy: current perspectives on diagnosis and management

Hairdressers are at a high risk for PPD allergy and require counseling regarding techniques to minimize exposure and protective measures while handling hair dye, and this review focuses on the current perspectives of diagnosis and management.

The Bio-Safety Concerns of Three Domestic Temporary Hair Dye Molecules: Fuchsin Basic, Victoria Blue B and Basic Red 2

It is concluded that the temporary hair dyes may have risk to human health, and those who use them should be aware of their potential toxic effects.

A putative case of allergic contact dermatitis caused by a jagua tattoo

A 30-year-old actress applied a ‘temporary jagua tattoo’ once weekly, depicting stockings on both her legs, for a musical in San Diego, and found marked pruritic eczema appeared on the tattoo and as remote lesions at the top of the patient’s thighs.



Allergic contact dermatitis to henna

In the present patient, allergic contact dermatitis was confirmed to be due to PPD, but the negative photopatch tests excluded a photoallergic reaction.

Henna tattooing dermatitis: consider an additive as the culprit.

  • J. Urkin,
  • Medicine
    The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 2006
Henna is made of the ground leaves of Lawsonia unermis or alba, mixed with water or oil, and Para-phenylenediamine (PPD), which is commercially used in hair colouring, is commonly added to henna preparations to obtain a darker shade — ‘black henna’ and to shorten the fixation time of the colour to the skin.

[Allergic reactions and hypopigmentation due to temporary tattooing with henna].

Three patients, two boys aged 8 and 10 years and a 30-year-old woman, developed allergic contact dermatitis after skin painting, after which hypopigmentation remained and patch tests with paraphenylenediamine were strongly positive in all three patients, meaning that they will never be able to dye their hair.

Severe inflammatory and keloidal, allergic reaction due to para-phenylenediamine in temporary tattoos.

A 22-year-old man who developed severe inflammatory and keloidal, moderately bullous allergic reaction after henna paint-on tattoo is reported, and resolution was obtained in two weeks.

Allergic contact dermatitis to pure henna.

A case of allergic contact dermatitis from pure henna that is also used for the relief of rheumatic pain is reported.

Henna tattoos for children: a potential source of para‐phenylenediamine and thiuram sensitization

Children who are obtaining henna tattoos are likely not only to be sensitized to PPD in the henna paste, but also to be exposing themselves to risk of sensitization to thiuram or rubber chemicals as well as colophony.

Allergic contact dermatitis from temporary henna tattoo

A 9‐year‐old boy with allergic contact dermatitis due to temporary henna tattooing is reported, and patch testing showed a positive reaction to PPD, which may be a very potent contact sensitizer.

Contact dermatitis after temporary henna tattoos--an increasing phenomenon.

Four patients developed contact dermatitis to black henna tattoos on holiday in the Middle East and Asia, with a strong reaction to p-phenylenediamine (PPD), a widely used dye that is added to the pastes in high concentrations to produce a darker shade.

Acute Allergic Contact Dermatitis Due to Para‐Phenylenediamine after Temporary Henna Painting

A 17‐year‐old girl with blisters over her hands of five‐days duration that appeared within 72 hours of applying a temporary henna paint to her hands during a social occasion is reported here, with clinical diagnosis of acute allergic contact dermatitis.