Side-effects of henna and semi-permanent 'black henna' tattoos: a full review.

@article{Groot2013SideeffectsOH,
  title={Side-effects of henna and semi-permanent 'black henna' tattoos: a full review.},
  author={Anton C. Groot},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
  year={2013},
  volume={69},
  pages={1-25}
}
  • A. Groot
  • Published 1 July 2013
  • Medicine
  • Contact Dermatitis
Summary Henna, the dried and powdered leaf of Lawsonia inermis, is widely used as a dye for the skin, hair, and nails, and as an expression of body art, especially in Islamic and Hindu cultures. As it stains the skin reddish-brown, it is also called red henna. Black henna is the combination of red henna with p-phenylenediamine (PPD), and is used for temporary ‘black henna tattoos’. This article provides a full review of the side-effects of topical application of red and black henna, both… 

Hypersensitivity reactions due to black henna tattoos and their components: are the clinical pictures related to the immune pathomechanism?

TLDR
The literature underlines that different clinical manifestations are related to black henna containing PPD, and its derivative products may cause delayed-type as well as immediate-type reactions, and further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between clinical and morphological aspects of PPD contact dermatitis and the T cell subsets predominance.

‘Sign of the kiss’ from black henna tattoos

TLDR
This work describes a unique case in whom the application of black henna tattoo ink resulted in severe allergic contact dermatitis at the tattooed sites, but also in non-tattooed skin areas juxtaposed to these – a so-called ‘sign of the kiss’.

Airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by a henna stone

TLDR
A teenager who developed an unusual airborne contact dermatitis while trying to crush a henna stone outdoors on a windy day is presented; a unique case.

p-Phenylenediamine and Risk of Sensitization in Children

TLDR
It is not recommended to get temporary henna tattoos under any circumstances and children under the age of 16 years should not use permanent hair dyes in order to avoid severe allergic reactions and life-long sensitization to PPD.

para-Phenylenediamine Hypersensitivity: A Report From Budapest, Hungary, 2007–2014

TLDR
It is alarming that PPD hypersensitivity occurred even among teenagers, and may be mainly explained by hair dyeing at an early age.

Henna stone: a lesser‐known solid material from which to obtain black henna paste

TLDR
It is proposed that ‘henna stones’ contain high proportions of p-phenylenediamine, significantly higher than previously reported PPD concentrations in black henna samples.

P-Phenylenediamine in Black Henna Temporary Tattoos: A Pediatric Problem Despite Prohibition

Para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is a known strong sensitizer and allergen. It has been directly as- sociated with severe allergic contact dermatitis reactions and systemic toxicities. While PPD is

Para-phenylenediamine allergy: current perspectives on diagnosis and management

TLDR
Hairdressers are at a high risk for PPD allergy and require counseling regarding techniques to minimize exposure and protective measures while handling hair dye, and this review focuses on the current perspectives of diagnosis and management.

The Bio-Safety Concerns of Three Domestic Temporary Hair Dye Molecules: Fuchsin Basic, Victoria Blue B and Basic Red 2

TLDR
It is concluded that the temporary hair dyes may have risk to human health, and those who use them should be aware of their potential toxic effects.

A putative case of allergic contact dermatitis caused by a jagua tattoo

TLDR
A 30-year-old actress applied a ‘temporary jagua tattoo’ once weekly, depicting stockings on both her legs, for a musical in San Diego, and found marked pruritic eczema appeared on the tattoo and as remote lesions at the top of the patient’s thighs.
...

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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