Analysis of the Complete Chloroplast Genome of a Medicinal Plant, Dianthus superbus var. longicalyncinus, from a Comparative Genomics Perspective
- BiologyPloS one
P phylogenetic analysis of individual protein-coding genes infA and rpl23 revealed that gene loss or pseudogenization occurred independently in the cp genome of Dianthus, and demonstrated a sister relationship between Dianthus and Lychnis based on 78 protein- coding sequences.
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A strategy that uses NGS, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and whole-genome mapping to assemble a high-quality genome sequence for Amborella trichopoda, a nonmodel species crucial to understanding flowering plant evolution, and are applicable to many other organisms with limited genomic resources.
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A fusion-compatibility model is proposed to explain the findings, with Amborella capturing whole mitochondria from diverse eukaryotes, followed by mitochondrial fusion (limited mechanistically to green plant mitochondria) and then genome recombination.
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Comprehensive phylogenomic analyses of sequenced plant genomes and more than 12.6 million new expressed-sequence-tag sequences from phylogenetically pivotal lineages are used to elucidate two groups of ancient gene duplications, implicating two WGDs in ancestral lineages shortly before the diversification of extant seed plants and extant angiosperms.
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Genome structure and phylogenomic analyses indicate that the ancestral Angiosperm was a polyploid with a large constellation of both novel and ancient genes that survived to play key roles in angiosperm biology.