Shouldnt it be breakfunch? A quantitative analysis of blend structure in English

  title={Shouldnt it be breakfunch? A quantitative analysis of blend structure in English},
  author={Stefan Th. Gries},
  • S. Gries
  • Published 21 January 2004
  • Linguistics
  • Linguistics
The present paper investigates the word-formation process of blending in English. Following a brief review of several previous classificatory studies, the paper analyzes the orthographic and phonemic structure of blends on a quantitative basis. The main factors to be discussed are (i) the amount of information each source word contributes (following Kaunisto 2000a, 2000b) and (ii) the similarity of the source words to the blend. Several points of critique concerning previous analyses are raised… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Stress Faithfulness in English Blends University of Georgia Working Papers in Linguistics
In this paper, I propose that blend words can be treated as a form of correspondence between multiple inputs. Based on this suggestion, the theoretical claim underlying my analysis is that prosodic
The role of prosodic structure in the formation of English blends
This article investigates a variety of ways in which prosodic factors influence blend structure in English. Recent approaches no longer consider blends unpredictable, but the role of stress in blend
Cognitive constraints in English lexical blending
The complex characteristics of lexical blending have long troubled mainstream word formation research to the extent that it has typically been considered a peripheral issue in linguistics. In
An Investigation into the Processing of Lexicalized English Blend Words: Evidence from Lexical Decisions and Eye Movements During Reading
The results demonstrated that blend words were processed differently than non-blend control words, however, the nature of the effect varied as a function of task demands.
A corpus study of phonological factors in novel English blends ⇤
A commonly cited limitation on the study of peripheral, extragrammatical and/or ludic processes in morphophonology is the relative difficulty of automated retrieval of their outputs. Whereas machines
Accent Placement in Japanese Blends
Rachel Broad: Accent Placement in Japanese Blends (Under the direction of Jennifer L. Smith) This thesis investigates the factors influencing accent placement in Japanese lexical blends (e.g. gozira
Faithfulness Conflict in Korean Blends
In conventional theories of morphology (Dressler 2000, Bauer 2006 among others), blending has been treated as a marginal operation rather than a linguistically governed word-formation process.
Beauty and the Blend : Implications of Cognitive Constraints and Word Class Distribution in Lexical Blending
This master thesis investigates underlying principles and usage-based aspects of lexical blending. In a corpus study examining the lexical items, or matrix words, republican, liberal, and vegetarian
Cognitive determinants of subtractive word formation: A corpus-based perspective
Abstract This paper investigates mechanisms underlying the coining of intentional morphological blends and complex clippings. In one case study, I investigate the degree to which (a corpus-based
English Blends in Indonesian Context: Their Formation Processes and Meanings
This research aims at observing the blending process, the patterns of blending, and the possible new meanings of the English-influenced blends found in the Indonesian context. The influence of


Blends in English word formation
The process of blending seems to occur in all languages, to be very common in them, and to occur in every stage of the language's development.The voluminous scholarship on this very old process
Some characteristics of English morphological blends
1. Introduction One out of many word-formation processes in English is known as blending. It can be roughly defined as the intentional coinage of a new word by fusing parts of at least two source
Lemmas and Lexemes: The Evidence from Blends
An analysis of 166 word blends provides support for the claim that word frequency effects are located at the phonological level of lexical access and is better viewed as homologous to sublexical substitutions.
To “brunch” or to “brench”: some aspects of blend structure
Three studies demonstrate that aspects of English blend structures like brunch are quite predictable from cognitive and linguistic principles. The first study analyzed the order in which words are
The suffixing preference: a processing explanation
Cross-linguistic studies of morphology have demonstrated that there is an asymmetry in the type of affixation preferred: languages which would he predicted on independent structural grounds to prefer
Complexity in Output Systems: Evidence from Behavioral Hybrids
The more specific goal was to infer the nature of the speech-production system that generates the speech errors known as synonymic intrusions, a class of behavioral hybrids that occur whenever a speaker begins with one expression and inadvertently continues with another expression having roughly equivalent meaning.
Blends Are Increasing
IN THIS ERA of word creation, greater than ever before because of the many new inventions, discoveries, and developments in all fields, we find that blends are on the increase. New situations, new
Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication
This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes and provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider why people are intrinsically interested in language―the ultimate puzzle of the human mind.
Blends, a Structural and Systemic View
B LENDS, AS THOMAS PYLES (1952, p. 181) has observed, "are very frequent nowadays. Many of them are nonce usages, and a bare list might be expanded for pages. The process is, of course, not at all