Shoulder dystocia: definitions and incidence.

  title={Shoulder dystocia: definitions and incidence.},
  author={Alexandra Hansen and Suneet P. Chauhan},
  journal={Seminars in perinatology},
  volume={38 4},
Though subjective in nature, both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists practice bulletin and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists green guideline are in agreement on the descriptor of shoulder dystocia: requirement of additional obstetric maneuvers when gentle downward traction has failed to affect the delivery of the shoulders. The rate of shoulder dystocia is about 1.4% of all deliveries and 0.7% for vaginal births. Compared to non-diabetics (0.6%), among… CONTINUE READING
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