Shoulder Strength and Range‐Of‐Motion Characteristics in Bodybuilders

@article{Barlow2002ShoulderSA,
  title={Shoulder Strength and Range‐Of‐Motion Characteristics in Bodybuilders},
  author={Joshua C Barlow and Brian Benjamin and Peter Birt and Christopher J. Hughes},
  journal={Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research},
  year={2002},
  volume={16},
  pages={367–372}
}
The purpose of this study was to compare shoulder range-of-motion (ROM) and strength values between bodybuilders and nonbodybuilders. Fifty-four men (29 bodybuilders and 25 nonbodybuilders) between the ages of 21 and 34 years participated in the study. Goniometric measurements were used to assess shoulder flexion and internal and external rotation ROM. Isometric manual muscle tests were performed using a handheld dynamometer. Shoulder flexion, internal and external rotation, abduction, and… 

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