Should I stay or should I switch? A cost-benefit analysis of voluntary language switching in young and aging bilinguals.

@article{Gollan2009ShouldIS,
  title={Should I stay or should I switch? A cost-benefit analysis of voluntary language switching in young and aging bilinguals.},
  author={Tamar H. Gollan and Victor Afonso dos Santos Ferreira},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={2009},
  volume={35 3},
  pages={640-65}
}
Bilinguals spontaneously switch languages in conversation even though laboratory studies reveal robust cued language switching costs. The authors investigated how voluntary-switching costs might differ when switches are voluntary. Younger (Experiments 1-2) and older (Experiment 3) Spanish-English bilinguals named pictures in 3 conditions: (a) dominant-language only, (b) nondominant-language only, and (c) using "whatever language comes to mind" (in Experiment 2, "using each language about half… CONTINUE READING
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