Lying: Knowledge or belief?
- PhilosophyPhilosophical Studies
A new definition of lying is gaining traction, according to which you lie only if you say what you know to be false. Drawing inspiration from “New Evil Demon” scenarios, I present a battery of…
Two accounts of assertion
In this paper I will compare two competing accounts of assertion: the knowledge account and the justified belief account. When it comes to the evidence that is typically used to assess accounts of…
Truth: The Rule or the Aim of Assertion?
Is truth the rule or the aim of assertion? Philosophers disagree. After reviewing the available evidence, the hypothesis that truth is the aim of assertion is defended against recent attempts to…
Norms of assertion in the United States, Germany, and Japan
- PhilosophyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In the largest cross-cultural study to date on misinformation, findings from the United States, Germany, and Japan suggest that, in order to claim that x, x need not be known, and it can be false.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 83 REFERENCES
Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief and Assertion
Introduction 1. Intellectual Flourishing as the Fundamental Epistemic Norm 2. Lenient Accounts of Warranted Assertability 3. Having False Reasons 4. On Knowing One's Reason 5. Knowledge versus Truth…
The test of truth: An experimental investigation of the norm of assertion
- Philosophy, PsychologyCognition
Descartes’s Schism, Locke’s Reunion: Completing the Pragmatic Turn in Epistemology
- PhilosophyAmerican Philosophical Quarterly
Centuries ago, Descartes and Locke initiated a foundational debate in epistemology over the relationship between knowledge, on the one hand, and practical factors, on the other. Descartes claimed…
Truth, fallibility, and justification: new studies in the norms of assertion
- Philosophy, PsychologySynthese
This paper advances the understanding of the norms of assertion by evaluating whether it was due to stimuli mentioning that a speaker’s evidence was fallible, and evaluating the hypothesis that assertion has a truth-insensitive standard of justification.
The distinctive “should” of assertability
- Philosophy, Psychology
Abstract Recent work has assumed that the normativity associated with assertion differs from the normativity of morality, practical rationality, etiquette, and legality. That is, whether an assertion…
Assertion, Knowledge, and Rational Credibility
The view that assertions are governed by the rule that we should assert only what we know, is enjoying growing popularity. This paper argues that it is more plausible to assume that assertions are…
What Norm of Assertion?
I argue that the debates over which norm constitutes assertion can be abandoned by challenging the three main motivations for a constitutive norm. The first motivation is the alleged analogy between…
Knowledge and Assertion in Korean
- PsychologyCogn. Sci.
Three experiments on Koreans in Korean supported the theory that there is a core, cross-culturally robust human practice of assertion and that, according to the rules of this practice, assertions should express knowledge.