Shortcomings of the Lown grading system for observational or experimental studies in ischemic heart disease.


The Lown grading system uses three levels of frequency and four complex features to grade ventricular arrhythmias. The seven Lown grades are mutually exclusive (a patient can be in only one grade) and hierarchical (higher grades indicate increased likelihood of death). We evaluated the ability of the Lown arrhythmia grading system to predict death in 400… (More)


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