Short-term costs and correlates of play in cheetahs

@article{Caro1995ShorttermCA,
  title={Short-term costs and correlates of play in cheetahs},
  author={Tim Caro},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={1995},
  volume={49},
  pages={333-345}
}
  • T. Caro
  • Published 1995
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour
Abstract Costs and benefits of play were investigated by observing cheetah,Acinonyx jubatus, cubs in the wild. Cubs played either after resting or nursing, or while the family was moving; cubs were never injured during 2600 h of observation, and did not become separated from their mother during play; and mothers showed few signs of unease while cubs played. It is argued that energetic and indirect costs of play were insubstantial. Taking all these potential costs together, overall costs of play… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Play Behavior in Juvenile Golden Lion Tamarins (Callitrichidae: Primates): Organization in Relation to Costs
TLDR
The observed organization of play behavior suggests that juvenile GLTs minimize the risk of predation and accidental injuries, but do not seem to minimize energy expenditure and the risks of social injuries. Expand
Endocrine and Energetic Mediation of Play Behavior in Free-Living Belding's Ground Squirrels
TLDR
This work altered early androgen exposure by treating females with testosterone (T) at birth and used females treated with oil vehicle as controls to elucidate the proximal causes of play, and observed no influence of either T treatment or food provisioning on the temporal patterning of play behavior. Expand
Play behaviour in cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), and the feasibility of improving the welfare of captive felids through play
Felids are displayed in zoos and parks all over the world but are often kept in unsuitable enclosures. Stereotypic behaviours are therefore commonly observed in large captive cats caused by a lack ofExpand
Juvenile survival and benefits of play behaviour in brown bears, Ursus arctos
TLDR
It is speculated that play experience relieves past stress and builds resistance to future stress, and can have demonstrable and measurable evolutionary and population consequences if it increases short-term survival of immatures. Expand
Captive fledgling American kestrels prefer to play with objects resembling natural prey
TLDR
Results support the hypothesis that young raptors devote a relatively fixed amount of time to object manipulation, and that they prefer to manipulate objects resembling natural prey, and suggest that object play has a function in the maturation of hunting skills of young raptor. Expand
The effect of individual variability and larger carnivores on the functional response of cheetahs
TLDR
It is found that cheetah hunting behavior is largely shaped by whether or not they have cubs, and the patterns of behavior seen in cheetahs may be indicative of how mesopredators alter hunting behavior to cope with pressures from larger predators. Expand
Behavior and Communication of Free-Ranging Cheetahs
TLDR
Cheetahs primarily hunt abundant, small to medium sized prey animals using high-speed chases over short distances and mainly communicate with vocalization and olfaction, often using prominent landmarks for scent marking. Expand
Functions and consequences of play behaviour in juvenile Belding's ground squirrels
We evaluated hypotheses suggesting that play behaviour in free-living juvenile Belding's ground squirrels, Spermophilus beldingi, helps to regulate energy balance and promotes development of motorExpand
Social play changes reflect differences in biology and development of three felids
TLDR
Compared social play frequency changes in three felids: Eurasian lynx, Amur subspecies of leopard cat (Far-Eastern wildcat) and domestic cat, observed social play changes and differences reflect development timing and species-specific features in felids. Expand
Why do Dolphins Play
Play is an important aspect of dolphin life, perhaps even an essential one. Play provides opportunities for dolphin calves to practice and perfect locomotor skills, including those involved inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Survivorship costs of play in the South American fur seal
TLDR
A direct cost of play is suggested, that of increased vulnerability to predation for juvenile South American fur seals, A rctoeephalus australis, which is likely to be suppressed under conditions of poor food availability. Expand
Early maternal behavior of wild cheetahs: implications for captive husbandry
TLDR
Improved husbandry techniques, such as the provision of multiple, secluded nest boxes, and remote monitoring conditions should promote breeding success in captivity, and noise and human disturbance should be minimized. Expand
The development of different types of play in gazelles: implications for the nature and functions of play
Abstract The development of play behaviour in Cuvier's gazelle, Gazella cuvieri , is described and compared with that of other species. Play was sub-divided into four different types: locomotor play,Expand
The ontogeny of play in feral olive baboons (Papio anubis)
Abstract Behaviours that always appear playful (play markers) are distinguished from behaviours that appear playful in some contexts, but not others (context-dependent play components). Age changesExpand
The energetic costs of rough-and-tumble play in the juvenile rat.
The metabolic costs of rough-and-tumble play behavior were studied in juvenile rats. Using indirect calorimetry, it was determined that energy expenditure during play is increased by 66-104% over theExpand
Predatory Behaviour and Social Play in Kittens
This study relates changes in social play of kittens to the development of predatory behaviour. Firstly, it documents the development of predatory motor patterns in young cats between the age of 4Expand
High juvenile mortality in cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) and its consequences for maternal care
TLDR
The extent of maternal care, in the form of vigilance and antipredator behaviour, mirrored cub susceptibility to mortality and,in the case of vigilance, possibly also starvation, and the probability of a cheetah mother responding aggressively to a predator was found to depend on the species of predator. Expand
The development of play in cats
Energetic cost of locomotor play in pronghorn fawns
TLDR
A pronghorn fawn that eschewed play and shifted the energy savings into growth could expect to weigh 7% more than a playing fawn by post-natal week 12. Expand
Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains: Group Living in an Asocial Species
TLDR
Tim Caro explores group and solitary living among cheetahs and discovers that the causes of social behaviour vary dramatically, even within a single species, and shows that neither adolescents nor adult males benefit from hunting in groups. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...