Short-term Association Between Meteorological Factors and Childhood Pneumonia Hospitalization in Hong Kong: A Time-series Study.

  title={Short-term Association Between Meteorological Factors and Childhood Pneumonia Hospitalization in Hong Kong: A Time-series Study.},
  author={Holly Ching Yu Lam and Emily Ying Yang Chan and William B Goggins},
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is a common cause of childhood hospitalization. Both host and pathogen factors are associated with environmental conditions, but the associations between childhood pneumonia and meteorological variables are unclear. This study investigated the short-term associations between childhood pneumonia admissions and meteorological variables. METHODS A retrospective time-series analysis was conducted using distributed lagged nonlinear models. Daily pneumonia admissions among… 
10 Citations

Lagged Association between Climate Variables and Hospital Admissions for Pneumonia in South Africa

  • H. PedderT. Kapwata C. Wright
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2021
The results indicate that even small shifts in their distributions could lead to substantial changes in their burden, and can inform a better understanding of the health implications of climate change and the burden of hospital admissions for pneumonia now and in the future.

Short-term association among meteorological variation, outdoor air pollution and acute bronchiolitis in children in a subtropical setting

Acute bronchiolitis-related hospitalisation among children was associated with temperature and exposure to NO2 and PM10 at different lag times, suggesting a need to adopt sustainable clean air policies, especially to target pollutants produced by motor vehicles, to protect young children’s health.

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    Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
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It was found that the exposure-response association curve was inversely “s-shaped,” low-tem temperature effects occurred at a lag of 11 days and then lasted for 10 days, and high-temperature effects occurred on the current day and then significantly decreased.

Preconceptional and prenatal exposure to diurnal temperature variation increases the risk of childhood pneumonia

It is found that childhood pneumonia was significantly associated with exposure to an increase in DTV during one year before conception and entire pregnancy, with ORs (95 % CI) = 2.53 (1.56–4.10) and 1.85 (1,24–2.76).



The short-term association between asthma hospitalisations, ambient temperature, other meteorological factors and air pollutants in Hong Kong: a time-series study

People with asthma should avoid exposure to adverse conditions by limiting outdoor activities during periods of extreme temperatures, combinations of high humidity and high temperature, and low humidity and lowTemperature, and high ozone levels.

Temporal relationship between hospital admissions for pneumonia and weather conditions in Shanghai, China: a time-series analysis

Cold temperature may be one of the important risk factors for pneumonia hospitalisations and Prevention programmes are needed to reduce the impact of cold temperature on pneumonia hospitalisation such as developing a weather warning system within a wide public health context.

Pneumonia Hospitalization Risk in the Elderly Attributable to Cold and Hot Temperatures in Hong Kong, China.

Most of the temperature-related burden for pneumonia hospitalizations in Hong Kong was attributable to cold temperatures, and elderly men had greater susceptibility, with cold temperatures having stronger effect estimates.

Sunshine, rainfall, humidity and child pneumonia in the tropics: time-series analyses

Lack of sunshine was most strongly associated with pneumonia in both lagged regression and case-crossover analysis, and further research to assess causality is needed.

Effect of Climate Factors on the Childhood Pneumonia in Papua New Guinea: A Time-Series Analysis

There was a variability in the relationship between climate factors and pneumonia which is assumed to reflect distribution of the determinants of and vulnerability to pneumonia in the community.


The monthly pneumonia admissions rate was significantly associated with seasonality, and was higher in periods with low ambient temperatures.

Associations between mortality and meteorological and pollutant variables during the cool season in two Asian cities with sub-tropical climates: Hong Kong and Taipei

Cold temperatures and cold spells substantially increase short-term mortality in sub-tropical Asian cities particularly among the elderly and greater attention needs to be paid to the adverse health effects of cold temperatures.

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  • Xiaoting LiangB. Miao
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    Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
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Impact of weather factors on Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia

From 1999 to 2007, cases of M pneumoniae pneumonia increased significantly with increased average temperature and relative humidity in Fukuoka, Japan.