Short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term memories

@article{Rosenzweig1993ShorttermIA,
  title={Short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term memories},
  author={Mark R. Rosenzweig and Edward L. Bennett and Paul J. Colombo and Diane W. Lee and Peter A Serrano},
  journal={Behavioural Brain Research},
  year={1993},
  volume={57},
  pages={193-198}
}
Interaction of inhibitory and facilitatory effects of conditioning trials on long-term memory formation.
TLDR
It is found that translation- and transcription-dependent LTM forms 1 h after training, the fastest so far reported in insects, and a model is proposed to account for the effects of trial number and ITIs on LTM formation.
Interaction between amount and pattern of training in the induction of intermediate- and long-term memory for sensitization in aplysia.
TLDR
The results indicate that in addition to three identified phases of memory for sensitization--STM, ITM, and LTM--a unique temporal profile of memory, E-ITM, is revealed by varying either the amount or pattern of training.
The neurobiology of consolidations, or, how stable is the engram?
  • Y. Dudai
  • Biology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 2004
TLDR
A heated debate has been revitalized on whether memories become labile and must undergo some form of renewed consolidation every time they are activated, and on fundamental issues concerning the nature of the memory trace, its maturation, persistence, retrievability, and modifiability.
Susceptibility of memory consolidation during lapses in recall
TLDR
It is proposed that during periods of molecular transition memory recall is weakened, allowing novel sensory cues to block the consolidation of long-term memory.
HOW STABLE IS THE ENGRAM ?
TLDR
A heated debate has been revitalized on whether memories become labile and must undergo some form of renewed consolidation every time they are activated, and fundamental issues concerning the nature of the memory trace, its maturation, persistence, retrievability, and modifiability are focused on.
Gone but not forgotten: the lingering effects of intermediate-term memory on the persistence of long-term memory.
TLDR
It was found that if ITM training preceded LTM training, then LTM would persist for 24 h longer, and if an extinction procedure was given to the snails after the ITMTraining procedure, LTM did not persist longer than 48 h, so at the behavioural level, ITM and LTM are interconnected.
Intermediate and long-term memory are different at the neuronal level in Lymnaea stagnalis (L.)
Intermediate and long-term memories of associative learning are differentially affected by transcription versus translation blockers inLymnaea
TLDR
In Lymnaea, following associative learning, both ITM and LTM are dependent on new protein synthesis, whereas ITM appears to be dependent on protein synthesis from preexisting transcription factors, whilst LTM is dependent onprotein synthesis from new transcription messages.
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References

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TLDR
The findings indicate that the long-lasting trace of an experience is not completely fixed, consolidated, or coded at the time of the experience, and that any search for the engram or the basis of memory is not going to be successful.
Behavioural stages in memory formation
Some Tests of the Decay Theory of Immediate Memory
TLDR
A theory of the memory span, based on this hypothesis, is put forward and shows that the effect of additional stimuli interpolated before recall remains considerable even when there is an interval of several seconds between presentation of required and additional stimuli.
The structure and organization of memory.
TLDR
The concept of brain systems, while not entirely free of problems itself, provides a more concrete and in the end a more satisfying basis for thinking about memory systems.
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