Short and long term consequences of larval stage exposure to constantly and ephemerally elevated carbon dioxide for marine bivalve populations

Abstract

While larval bivalves are highly sensitive to ocean acidification, the basis for this sensitivity and the longerterm implications of this sensitivity are unclear. Experiments were performed to assess the short-term (days) and longterm (months) consequences of larval stage exposure to varying CO2 concentrations for calcifying bivalves. Higher CO2… (More)

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