Short-Term Gestation, Long-Term Risk: Prematurity and Chronic Kidney Disease

  title={Short-Term Gestation, Long-Term Risk: Prematurity and Chronic Kidney Disease},
  author={J Bryan Carmody and Jennifer R. Charlton},
  pages={1168 - 1179}
Thanks to remarkable advances in neonatal intensive care, infants who once had little chance for survival can now enter adulthood. Yet the consequences of premature birth or low birth weight (LBW) on nephrogenesis, final nephron number, and long-term kidney function are unclear. This review focuses on the theory, experimental evidence, and observational data that suggest an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) for infants born prematurely. Many premature and LBW infants begin life… 

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