Shoreline change detection based on multispectral images using 2D-principal component analysis of band images and histogram of oriented gradient features

Shoreline is a boundary area between land and sea, where there are few phenomena that unique and dynamic. This phenomenon includes abrasion erosion and sedimentation. Development of infrastructure and reclamation is human action that can alter the ecosystem as well as the order of the shoreline. Observation shoreline is a field that is very useful for… (More)