Corpus ID: 6921415

Shock Treatment : Efficacy , Memory Loss , and Brain Damage – Psychiatry ’ s Don ’ t Look , Don ’ t Tell Policy

  title={Shock Treatment : Efficacy , Memory Loss , and Brain Damage – Psychiatry ’ s Don ’ t Look , Don ’ t Tell Policy},
  author={R. Warner},
Electroshock treatment, termed electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) by psychiatrists, is the induction of an artificial grand mal seizure in an individual by passing electricity through the brain. This paper addresses three aspects of this practice – its efficacy, its most salient effect, memory loss, and brain damage. In examining these issues it becomes apparent that psychiatry’s policy has been to put a positive spin on dismal results, to limit research and investigation, and to tell the public… Expand
One Woman’s Near Destruction and Reemergence From Psychiatric Assault
Evelyn Scogin is a 52-year-old woman with a vast range of life experience and accumulated wisdom. She has worked in special education for decades, including many years as a teacher. Evelyn has beenExpand
Electroshock: On How and Why It Lingers on Long After Insulin Coma Shock and Lobotomy Are Gone
  • J. Breeding
  • Medicine
  • Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry
  • 2016
The lobotomists have been disgraced, but the shock doctors, including people like Max Fink who infamously declared in 1996 that “ECT is one of God’s gifts to mankind” carry on, carry on. Expand


Memory Functions as Affected by Electroconvulsive Therapy a
  • L. Squire
  • Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1986
The purpose of this chapter is to summarize what has been learned about ECT and memory loss and to discuss the effects of a typical course of treatment, i.e., 6-12 treatments, based primarily on studies in which ECT was given with a device delivering sine-wave current. Expand
Early and Long‐Term Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy and Depression on Memory and Other Cognitive Functions
The results generally confirm previous reports regarding the nature of ECT-induced memory impairment, in a different language and culture and suggest that long-term effects of the treatment on memory are even less prominent than previously observed. Expand
The effects of electroconvulsive therapy on memory of autobiographical and public events.
The amnestic effects of ECT are greatest and most persistent for knowledge about the world (impersonal memory,) compared with knowledgeabout the self (personal memory), for recent compared with distinctly remote events, and for less salient events. Expand
Brain anatomic effects of electroconvulsive therapy. A prospective magnetic resonance imaging study.
The results confirm and extend previous imaging studies that also found no relationship between ECT and brain damage. Expand
EEG effects of ECT: Implications for rTMS
The present article reviews the literature on the EEG effects of ECT and discusses the implications in terms of the likely efficacy and side effects associated with rTMS in specific anatomic locations, the potential for producing an antidepressant response with r TMS without eliciting seizure activity, and the possibility of using rT MS to focally modulate seizure induction and spread with ECT to optimize treatment. Expand
Central issues regarding the mechanisms of action of electroconvulsive therapy: directions for future research.
  • H. Sackeim
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychopharmacology bulletin
  • 1994
The recognition that generalized seizures that lack therapeutic properties can be reliably elicited provides new opportunities for examining the neurophysiological and biochemical determinants of efficacy. Expand
Subjective memory complaints prior to and following electroconvulsive therapy
Using the Squire Subjective Memory Questionnaire, depressed patients rated their memory functioning prior to a course of brief pulse, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) within the 1 week following the course and 2 months later, and there was a suggestion that greater retrograde amnesia for autobiographical memories was associated with self-rating of greater memory impairment. Expand
Electrophysiological Correlates of the Adverse Cognitive Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy
It is suggested that distinct neurophysiological changes subserve the therapeutic and adverse cognitive effects of ECT, and postictal disorientation and post-ECT retrograde amnesia appear to share a common physiological substrate. Expand
Retrograde amnesia and bilateral electroconvulsive therapy. Long-term follow-up.
It was clear that ECT can initially disrupt recall of events that occurred many years previously, but recovery of these memories was virtually complete by seven months after treatment, and it was also clear that persisting memory loss for information acquired only a few days before treatment can occur. Expand
Does electroconvulsive therapy cause brain damage
Although the use of ECT has declined dramatically from its inception, this decrease has recently shown signs of leveling out because of ECT's powerful therapeutic effect in severely ill depressedExpand