Shoaling reduces metabolic rate in a gregarious coral reef fish species

  title={Shoaling reduces metabolic rate in a gregarious coral reef fish species},
  author={Lauren E Nadler and Shaun S Killen and Eva C. McClure and Philip L Munday and Mark I McCormick},
  booktitle={The Journal of experimental biology},
Many animals live in groups because of the potential benefits associated with defense and foraging. Group living may also induce a 'calming effect' on individuals, reducing overall metabolic demand. This effect could occur by minimising the need for individual vigilance and reducing stress through social buffering. However, this effect has proved difficult to quantify. We examined the effect of shoaling on metabolism and body condition in the gregarious damselfish Chromis viridis Using a novel… CONTINUE READING
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