Shivering onset, metabolic response, and convective heat transfer during cold air exposure.

@article{Tikuisis1991ShiveringOM,
  title={Shivering onset, metabolic response, and convective heat transfer during cold air exposure.},
  author={Peter Tikuisis and Douglas G. Bell and Ira Jacobs},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={1991},
  volume={70 5},
  pages={1996-2002}
}
The onset and intensity of shivering of various muscles during cold air exposure are quantified and related to increases in metabolic rate and convective heat loss. Thirteen male subjects resting in a supine position and wearing only shorts were exposed to 10 degrees C air (42% relative humidity and less than 0.4 m/s airflow) for 2 h. Measurements included surface electromyogram recordings at six muscle sites representing the trunk and limb regions of one side of the body, temperatures and heat… CONTINUE READING

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