Shiga toxins, and the genes encoding them, in fecal samples from native Idaho ungulates.


Cattle are a known reservoir of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. The prevalence and stability of Shiga toxin and/or Shiga toxin genes among native wild ungulates in Idaho were investigated. The frequency of both Shiga genes and toxin was similar to that reported for Idaho cattle ( approximately 19%). 
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01158-08

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