Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages--genomes in motion.

  title={Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages--genomes in motion.},
  author={Sylvia Herold and Helge Karch and Herbert Schmidt},
  journal={International journal of medical microbiology : IJMM},
  volume={294 2-3},
Shiga toxins (Stx) represent a group of bacterial toxins that are involved in human and animal disease. Stx are mainly produced by Escherichia coli isolated from human and non-human sources, Shigella dysenteriae type 1, and sporadically, by Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae and Shigella flexneri. The genes encoding Stx are encoded in the genome of heterogeneous lambdoid prophages (Stx-converting bacteriophages; Stx-phages). They are located in a similar position in the late region of… CONTINUE READING