Shiga toxin 2 and lipopolysaccharide cause monocytic THP-1 cells to release factors which activate platelet function.

Platelet and monocyte activation may contribute to hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and renal failure associated with the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7. Since Shiga toxins (Stxs) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from this bacterium are implicated in the pathogenesis of HUS, we examined whether stimulation of THP-1 human… (More)