Shifting patterns of life in the Pacific Arctic and sub-Arctic seas.

  title={Shifting patterns of life in the Pacific Arctic and sub-Arctic seas.},
  author={Jacqueline M Grebmeier},
  journal={Annual review of marine science},
  • J. Grebmeier
  • Published 2012
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Annual review of marine science
Recent changes in the timing of sea ice formation and retreat, along with increasing seawater temperatures, are driving shifts in marine species composition that may signal marine ecosystem reorganization in the Pacific Arctic sector. Interannual variability in seasonal sea ice retreat in the northern Bering Sea has been observed over the past decade; north of the Bering Strait, the Chukchi Sea ecosystem has had consistent earlier spring sea ice retreat and later fall sea ice formation. The… Expand

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