Sharing of Diverse Mycorrhizal and Root-Endophytic Fungi among Plant Species in an Oak-Dominated Cool–Temperate Forest

  title={Sharing of Diverse Mycorrhizal and Root-Endophytic Fungi among Plant Species in an Oak-Dominated Cool–Temperate Forest},
  author={Hirokazu Toju and Satoshi Yamamoto and Hirotoshi Sato and Akifumi S Tanabe},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Most terrestrial plants interact with diverse clades of mycorrhizal and root-endophytic fungi in their roots. Through belowground plant–fungal interactions, dominant plants can benefit by interacting with host-specific mutualistic fungi and proliferate in a community based on positive plant–mutualistic fungal feedback. On the other hand, subordinate plant species may persist in the community by sharing other sets (functional groups) of fungal symbionts with each other. Therefore, revealing how… 

Spatial Segregation and Aggregation of Ectomycorrhizal and Root-Endophytic Fungi in the Seedlings of Two Quercus Species

The overall results imply that the community structures of ectomycorrhizal and endophytic fungi could influence each other through interspecific competitive/facilitative interactions in root, and provide a platform of the high-throughput investigation of fungus–fungus interactions in plant root systems.

Non-mycorrhizal Fungal Spectrum of Root Communities

  • Evrim Özkale
  • Biology
    Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms
  • 2019
Besides the sharing root with associated fungi could facilitate the coexistence of plant species, studies clarify how diverse clades of root-associated fungi shared within a plant community are essential to plant community dynamics and stability.

Structural diversity across arbuscular mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhizal, and endophytic plant–fungus networks

The authors' comparative analyses suggest that arbuscular mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhIZal, and saprotrophic/endophytic plant–fungus associations often lack nested network architecture, while those associations can vary, to some extent, in their community-scale properties along a latitudinal gradient.

Fungal Endophytic Community and Diversity Associated with Desert Shrubs Driven by Plant Identity and Organ Differentiation in Extremely Arid Desert Ecosystem

The co-occurrence network revealed the coexistence of fungal endophytes in arid desert, and the root fungal network harbored the highest interspecies connectivity.

Diversity and Spatial Structure of Belowground Plant–Fungal Symbiosis in a Mixed Subtropical Forest of Ectomycorrhizal and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Plants

This study suggests that belowground plant-fungal symbiosis in subtropical forests is complex in that it includes "non-typical" plant-Fungal combinations that do not fall within the conventional classification of mycorrhizal symbioses, and in that associations with multiple functional (or phylogenetic) groups of fungi are ubiquitous among plants.

Root-Associated Fungi Shared Between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal and Ectomycorrhizal Conifers in a Temperate Forest

This study statistically examined whether co-occurring arbuscular mycorrhizal (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and ectomycorrhZal (Pinus densiflora) plant species could share non-mycorrhIZal fungal communities and identified 919 fungal operational taxonomic units (OTUs) detected, which associated commonly with both coniferous species.

Structural diversity across arbuscular mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhizal, and endophytic plant—fungus networks

It is suggested that arbuscular mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhIZal, and saprotrophic/endophytic plant–fungus associations often lack nested network architecture, while those associations can vary, to some extent, in their community-scale properties along a latitudinal gradient.

Network modules and hubs in plant-root fungal biomes

Diverse root-associated fungi can form highly compartmentalized networks of coexistence within host roots and the structure of the fungal symbiont communities can be partitioned into semi-discrete types even within a single host plant population, leading to the working hypothesis that a small number of microbial species organize the overall root–microbiome dynamics.

Higher host plant specialization of root‐associated endophytes than mycorrhizal fungi along an arctic elevational gradient

The results show that host plant specialization is not environmentally constrained in arctic root‐ associated fungal communities, since there was no evidence for changing specialization with elevation, even if the composition of root‐associatedfungal communities changed substantially.



How are plant and fungal communities linked to each other in belowground ecosystems? A massively parallel pyrosequencing analysis of the association specificity of root-associated fungi and their host plants

The results suggest that the entire structure of belowground plant–fungal associations is described neither by the random sharing of hosts/symbionts nor by complete compartmentalization by mycorrhizal type, but rather by the colonization of multiple types of mycor rhizal fungi on the same plant species and the prevalence of diverse root-endophytic fungi.

Community composition of root-associated fungi in a Quercus-dominated temperate forest: “codominance” of mycorrhizal and root-endophytic fungi

In terrestrial ecosystems, plant roots are colonized by various clades of mycorrhizal and endophytic fungi. Focused on the root systems of an oak-dominated temperate forest in Japan, we used 454

Host-specificity and functional diversity among arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are mutualistic symbiotic associations between 150 species of fungi and the roots of approximately 300 000 species of plants. As a result of this low fungus:host


This study suggests that, within ecosystems, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can function along a continuum from parasitism to mutualism, and that extreme responses are more common when using locally adapted plants and fungi.

Ascomycetes associated with ectomycorrhizas: molecular diversity and ecology with particular reference to the Helotiales.

A high diversity of these fungi on different hosts and habitats is demonstrated and the ubiquity and diversity of the secondary root-associated fungi should be considered in studies of mycorrhizal communities to avoid overestimating the richness of true symbionts.

Dark septate endophytes: a review of facultative biotrophic root-colonizing fungi.

The current literature on DSE and the ecology is reviewed, the need for and direction of future research are discussed, and clear generalizations on their ecological role are drawn.

Diverse Helotiales associated with the roots of three species of Arctic Ericaceae provide no evidence for host specificity.

Data suggest that ericaceous roots host diverseFungal communities dominated by the Helotiales, however, these fungal communities are unlikely to be controlled by fungal host preferences and the mechanisms maintaining high diversity in root-symbiotic communities remain to be elucidated.

Strong host preference of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Tasmanian wet sclerophyll forest as revealed by DNA barcoding and taxon-specific primers.

It is demonstrated that strongly host-preferring, though not directly specific, ECM fungi may dominate the below-ground community, similar to that in the Holarctic realm.

The co-occurrence of ectomycorrhizal, arbuscular mycorrhizal, and dark septate fungi in seedlings of four members of the Pinaceae

The colonization patterns in seedlings of three Pinus (pine) species and hybrid spruce grown in soil collected from a disturbed forest site were determined and no correlation was found between the percent root colonization by EM and percent colonization by either AM or DSE, although there was a positive correlation between percent root length colonized by AM and DSE.

Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms.

The unexpectedly high diversity in the bare soil and sedge monoculture likely reflects differences in the modes of colonization and sources of inoculum in these treatments compared with the assemblages containing established AM-compatible plants.