Shared Mental Models - A Conceptual Analysis

  title={Shared Mental Models - A Conceptual Analysis},
  author={Catholijn M. Jonker and M. Birna van Riemsdijk and Bas Vermeulen},
The notion of a shared mental model is well known in the literature regarding team work among humans. [] Key Result We illustrate our definitions by means of an example.
A Framework for Developing and Using Shared Mental Models in Human-Agent Teams
Converging evidence from psychology, human factors, management and organizational science, and other related fields suggests that humans working in teams employ shared mental models to represent and
Towards Measuring Sharedness of Team Mental Models by Compositional Means
Suggestions for measuring the extent to which teams have a shared mental model are presented and how these measures are related to team performance are described.
Expert Teams: Do Shared Mental Models of Team Members make a Difference?
Whether and how familiarity influences coordination, resilience, and efficiency in high performance teams in safetycritical organizations and whether shared mental models of team members would transfer across new tasks or situations and result in improved efficiency and less physiological arousal is investigated.
Improving User and Decision Support System Teamwork: An Approach Based on Shared Mental Models
This paper makes precise what it means for a user and DSS to have a SMM, and proposes that the addition of explanation facilities to the DSS can improve sharedness in the user-DSS team.
Compositionality of Team Mental Models in Relation to Sharedness and Team Performance
A compositional approach to measuring sharedness of team mental models is proposed and according to circumstances, some components of that model are more relevant with respect to team performance than others.
A Survey of Mental Modeling Techniques in Human–Robot Teaming
A structured overview of mental model theory and methodology as applied to human–robot teaming is provided, allowing for a wider breadth of scenarios in which a robotic agent can act as an effective and trustworthy teammate.
Explanation in Human-Agent Teamwork
The results of this study show that explanations about agent behavior do not always lead to better team performance, but they do impact the user experience in a positive way.
Team Mental Models
This chapter focuses on a specific team process, namely team mental models (TMM), which has been the subject of extensive theoretical and empirical work in sport, exercise, and performance psychology
Closing the Cognitive Gap between Humans and Interactive Narrative Agents Using Shared Mental Models
The model aims to narrow the gap between human and machine intelligence by providing AI agents that, in the presence of incomplete knowledge about an improv scene, can use procedural representations not only to understand human parties but also to negotiate their mental models with them.
"I'm Afraid I Can't Do That, Dave"; Getting to Know Your Buddies in a Human-Agent Team
The rapid progress in artificial intelligence enables technology to more and more become a partner of humans in a team, rather than being a tool. Even more than in human teams, partners of


Shared Mental Models and Shared Displays: An Empirical Evaluation of Team Performance
This study experimentally tested the use of shared mental models and shared displays as a means of enhancing team situation awareness (SA). Teams were tested using a simulation that incorporated
Literature Review of Teamwork Models
This report addresses the following questions: what factors affect human team task performance and cognition, how can agent coordination mechanisms be adapted for human-agent teams, and what are the barriers to human- agent interaction.
Mental models concepts for system dynamics research
The mental models concept should be “unbundled” and the term “mental models” should be used more narrowly to initiate a dialogue through which the system dynamics community might achieve a shared understanding of mental models.
A Computational Semantics for Communicating Rational Agents Based on Mental Models
This work introduces a communication approach for multi-agent systems based on mood operators instead of the usual speech act labels and a semantics based on the idea that a message can be used to (re)construct a mental model of the sender.
Mental Models : Towards a Cognitive Science of Language
Mental Models offers nothing less than a unified theory of the major properties of mind: comprehension, inference, and consciousness. In spirited and graceful prose, Johnson-Laird argues that we
The influence of shared mental models on team process and performance.
The influence of teammates' shared mental models on team processes and performance was tested using 56 undergraduate dyads who "flew" a series of missions on a personal-computer-based flight-combat simulation and illustrated that both shared-team- and task-based mental models related positively to subsequent team process and performance.
Team mental models and team performance: a field study of the effects of team mental model similarity and accuracy
Summary We conducted a field study of 71 action teams to examine the relationship between team mental model similarity and accuracy and the performance of real-world teams. We used Pathfinder to
Collaborative Plans for Complex Group Action
Agents with shared mental models for enhancing team decision makings
On Looking into the Black Box: Prospects and Limits in the Search for Mental Models
To place the arguments advanced in this paper in alternative points of view with regard to mental models are reviewed. Use of the construct in areas such as neural information processing, manual