Shaping, not Making, Democracy: The European Union and the Post-Authoritarian Political Transformations of Spain and Portugal

@article{Fishman2003ShapingNM,
  title={Shaping, not Making, Democracy: The European Union and the Post-Authoritarian Political Transformations of Spain and Portugal},
  author={Robert M. Fishman},
  journal={South European Society and Politics},
  year={2003},
  volume={8},
  pages={31 - 46}
}
  • R. Fishman
  • Published 1 March 2003
  • Political Science, History
  • South European Society and Politics
Abstract This essay argues that the forces and attitudes shaping the politics of transition in the two Iberian cases should be understood as prior to and deeper than those underpinning the ultimate form taken by the politics of European integration (although clearly EC membership had been pursued by some actors prior to democratization). The Spanish and Portuguese democracies have been shaped, but not made, by the successful effort of both countries to achieve full EC membership. The process of… 
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