Shame and internalized homophobia in gay men.

@article{Allen1999ShameAI,
  title={Shame and internalized homophobia in gay men.},
  author={D J Allen and Ted Oleson},
  journal={Journal of homosexuality},
  year={1999},
  volume={37 3},
  pages={
          33-43
        }
}
This study investigated for the first time the relationship between internalized homophobia and shame in gay men. It also briefly re-examined the relationship between internalized homophobia and self-esteem in gay men. A sample of 100 gay men from a variety of sources responded to three questionnaires and a demographic survey. Findings included a significant positive relationship between shame and internalized homophobia and a significant inverse relationship between internalized homophobia and… 
Internalized Homophobia, Lesbian Identity Development, and Self-Esteem in Undergraduate Women
TLDR
Evidence of a strong relationship between the two identity development measures, the Stage Allocation Measure and the Gay Identity Questionnaire, and moderate relationships between identity development and internalized homophobia are indicated.
Internalized Homophobia and Relationship Quality among Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals.
TLDR
This study improves current understandings of the association between internalized homophobia and relationship quality by distinguishing between the effects of the core construct of internalization homophobia and its correlates and outcomes.
Internalized Homophobia: Causes, Influences and Measurement
Internalized homophobia refers to the phenomenon that sexual minority members put their fear and discrimination of gay men and lesbians towards themselves. We summarized researches concerning
In Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals: Attachment, Self-compassion and Internalized Homophobia: A Theoretical Study -
Homophobia is seen as a factor which affects the mental health of not only heterosexual individuals but also of homosexual and bisexual individuals. In this study, attachment, self-compassion and
Shame, Internalized Homophobia, Identity Formation, Attachment Style, and the Connection to Relationship Status in Gay Men
TLDR
A strong relationship between shame, internalized homophobia, and anxious and avoidant attachment style is suggested and is related to therapeutic work with gay men who have previously been married and those who are concerned with their current single status.
Psychometrics of an Internalized Homophobia Instrument for Men
TLDR
This study extended the psychometric examination of the MAGI–MSV to include maladaptive measures to eliminate homosexuality, and administered the instrument to 228 ethnically diverse HIV-negative gay men seeking counseling in New York City.
Fusion or internalized homophobia? A pilot study of Bowen's differentiation of self hypothesis with lesbian couples.
TLDR
It is found that lesbian couples were not significantly different in their level of differentiation than random pairs and that there was a positive relationship between differentiation of self and relationship satisfaction.
The Influence of Forgiveness on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Individuals’ Shame and Self‐Esteem
This survey research examined relationships among self-esteem, shame proneness, and forgiveness of self, situations, and others in a sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning
Internalized Homophobia Scale for Gay Chinese Men: Conceptualization, Factor Structure, Reliability, and Associations With Hypothesized Correlates
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a culturally sensitive scale is necessary to understand the cultural and family-oriented values that influence gay Chinese men’s everyday lives, self-constructs, and behavioral choices.
The Role of Personality and Defense Mechanisms in the Adjustment to a Homosexual Identity
TLDR
This study investigated for the first time the relationship between internalized homophobia and different personality organizations in gay men to see whether certain defensive styles could explain the affiliation of the personalities to the low or high homophobia group.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
The relationship between homophobia and self-esteem in gay males with AIDS.
TLDR
It was found that gay males with AIDS displayed higher levels of homophobia and lower levels of self-esteem than healthy gay males.
Psychotherapeutic implications of internalized homophobia in gay men.
  • A. Malyon
  • Psychology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 1981
TLDR
The way in which identity formation is affected by heterosexual socialization is discussed and the psychotherapeutic implications associated with these developmental complications are indicated.
Psychological Adjustment of Lesbians and Gay Men
Previous research has documented that lesbians and gay men proceed through a series of stages in developing a positive lesbian and gay identity. The relationship between lesbian and gay identity and
The formation of homosexual identities.
TLDR
This paper uses sociological theory to develop an ideal-typical model of homosexual identity formation and describes how committed homosexuals, lesbians and gay males who see themselves as homosexual and adopt corresponding lifestyles, recall having acquired their homosexual identities.
Ego-dystonic homosexuality.
TLDR
The patient coming in with a dysphoria over his or her homosexual feelings, fantasies or behavior must be given the choice of working through the homophobia or the heterophobia, and the choice and the goals of therapy must be arrived at by both patient and therapist.
Homosexual identity formation: a theoretical model.
  • V. Cass
  • Psychology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 1979
TLDR
A six-stage model of homosexual identity formation is outlined within the framework of interpersonal congruency theory, where the person is seen to have an active role in the acquisition of a homosexual identity.
Shame: The Underside of Narcissism
Introduction. Part I: A Theoretical Framework. Some Theoretical Perspectives on Shame. Primitive Object Relations, Early Narcissism, and Shame. Shame and Narcissism. Shame and Self Psychology:
Counseling Gay Men with AIDS: Human Dimensions
TLDR
Case material is provided that demonstrates the emotional responses of gay men to AIDS, including denial, anger, rage, guilt, and shame.
A theoretical context for shame.
  • W. Kinston
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 1983
TLDR
The psychoanalytic literature on shame is critically reviewed and aspects of shame which have been previously neglected are discussed including the unconscious sense of shame and specific mechanisms for dealing with shame.
...
...