Shame and guilt: characterological vs. behavioral self-blame and their relationship to fear of intimacy

  title={Shame and guilt: characterological vs. behavioral self-blame and their relationship to fear of intimacy},
  author={Nita Lutwak and Jacqueline B. Panish and Joseph R. Ferrari},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},

The Relation of Guilt, Shame, Behavioral Self-Blame, and Characterological Self-Blame to Depression in Adolescents over Time

This study investigates the similarity between Tangneyâs (1996) conceptualization of guilt and shame and Janoff-Bulmanâs (1979) conceptualization of behavioral and characterological self-blame (BSB &


Results suggest that shame and CSB converge into a common construct, significantly related to depressive symptoms and cognitions, however, was limited to particular pairs of measures.

Shame, Intimacy and Self-Definition: An Assessment of the Emotional Foundation and Intimate Relationship Consequences of an Introjective Personality Orientation

This study sought to elaborate and test a theoretical proposition that introjective personality functioning, which has been implicated in various psychological difficulties, has an emotional foundation in the self-conscious emotion of shame and is supported by dissociation.

The Approach and Avoidance Function of Guilt and Shame Emotions: Comparing Reactions to Self-Caused and Other-Caused Wrongdoing

Although theory suggests that guilt motivates approach tendencies and shame motivates avoidance tendencies, research has not always supported these relationships. The present study examined the

Shame and Guilt in Men Exposed to Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Qualitative Investigation

This study examined the experiences of shame and guilt in adult males sexually abused as children and found the emerging “self-as-shame” construct appeared to encapsulate participants’ view of themselves.

Does Self-Blame Moderate Psychological Adjustment Following Intimate Partner Violence?

Findings support the conceptualization that self-blame is associated with both general and specific psychological outcomes in the aftermath of IPV, and suggest that future research examining different forms of blame associated with IPV might further untangle inconsistencies in the self- Blame literature.

A Systematic Review of the Peer-Reviewed Literature on Self-Blame, Guilt, and Shame

There is some evidence that guilt and shame predict more intense grief reactions and that self-blame predicts posttraumatic symptomology, anxiety, and depression in bereaved parents.

Shame-proneness and its correlates in couples.

The study assessed the relationships between three TOSCA-3 (Test of Self-Conscious Affect; Tangney, 1990) subscales (shame-proneness, guilt-proneness, and externalization), and the following

Intimate Partner Violence ? Does Self-Blame Moderate Psychological Adjustment Following

This study explored whether self-blame moderates the relationship between exposure to specific types of abuse and both poor general psychological adjustment (i.e., self-esteem) and specific

Blame Recovery: Modeling the Effec ts Of Personality, Religious-spiritual Belief, and Gender On Blame Attr ibutions and Psychological Wellbeing Aft er A Failed Romantic Relationship

Blame attribution (BA) is the complex cognitive-affective process through which individuals feel negative feelings of internalized self-blame/guilt or externalized otherblame by varying degrees. High



Shamed into anger? The relation of shame and guilt to anger and self-reported aggression.

Proneness to "shame-free" guilt was inversely related to externalization of blame and some indices of anger, hostility, and resentment, and shame-proneness was consistently correlated with anger arousal, suspiciousness, resentment, irritability, and indirect expressions of hostility.

Characterological Versus Behavioral Self-Blame: Inquiries Into Depression and Rape

Two types of self-blame—be havioral and characterological—are distinguished. Behavioral self-blame is control related, involves attributions to a modifiable source (one's behavior), and is associated

Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory.

  • J. Tangney
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
The SCAAI appears to provide related but functionally distinct indices of proneness to shame and guilt in a way that these previous measures have not.

Moral affect: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

  • J. Tangney
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1991
Results indicate that shame and guilt are distinct affective experiences that have important and quite different implications in the interpersonal realm, and suggest that guilt may not be that bad after all, at least at the interpersonal domain.

Are shame, guilt, and embarrassment distinct emotions?

Analysis of participants' phenomenological ratings clearly demonstrated that shame, guilt, and embarrassment are not merely different terms for the same affective experience, and the differences among the 3 could not be explained simply by intensity of affect or by degree of moral transgression.

Shame and Guilt

What Is So Important about Shame and Guilt? What Is the Difference between Shame and Guilt? Assessing Shame and Guilt. Our "Intrapersonal" Relationship: The Self in Shame and Guilt. Moral Emotions

Shame and guilt and their relationship to positive expectations and anger expressiveness.

College students completed measures of shame, guilt, expectations for future success, and styles of anger expression to identify gender differences in proneness and gender differences emerged in predicting guilt-proneness.