Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

  title={Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation},
  author={David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan},
The unity and diversity of the subterranean realm with respect to invertebrate body size
Habitat size appears to be an important determinant of body size in subterranean species, but more detailed studies, especially of habitat (pore) size are needed.
Type of fixative solution in pitfall traps as a decisive factor affecting community parameters of Collembola (Hexapoda) inhabiting superficial subterranean habitats
The effect of environmental factors on diversity and vertical distribution of Collembola in scree habitats may be substantially superimposed by the type of fixation used in subterranean traps.
Habitats and Diversity of Subterranean Macroscopic Freshwater Invertebrates: Main Gaps and Future Trends
Caves are the best studied aquatic subterranean habitat, but there is a wide variety of these habitats, ranging in depth below the surface and size of the spaces (pore or habitat size). Both factors
Abiotic Community Constraints in Extreme Environments: Epikarst Copepods as a Model System
The general hypothesis that the overall presence or absence of one or more species in an extreme habitat is determined by physico-chemical factors was investigated using epikarst copepod communities
The Vertical Extent of Groundwater Metazoans: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective
It is argued that the upper boundary of the distribution of inhabitants of the most abundant freshwater habitat—groundwater is an interesting system in the study of classic ecological and evolutionary questions and warrants further research.
Mesofauna at the Soil-Scree Interface in a Deep Karst Environment
The community patterns of Collembola (Hexapoda) were studied at two sites along a microclimatically inversed scree slope in a deep karst valley in the Western Carpathians, Slovakia, in warm and cold
Two new dipluran species unearthed from subterranean habitats of the Canary Islands (Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Entognatha)
Two new dipluran species of the family Campodeidae have been unearthed in the Canary Islands and raised the Canarian campodeid fauna to six species, whereas the cave-adapted R. herbanica is known only from a single, particularly endangered lava tube distant from other caves.
Distribution of Oribatida (Acari) along a depth gradient in forested scree slopes
Mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS) of scree slopes constitutes a transition habitat between the soil and the network of voids in the vadose zone of a bedrock massif. In the present study, the vertical
A synthesis on cave‐dwelling spiders in Europe
This work provides the first overview on spiders living in subterranean habitats in Europe, including the first European subterranean spider checklist, and points out specific areas of interest for future research.
Applying species distribution models to caves and other subterranean habitats
Over the last two decades there has been an exponential increase in the use of correlative species distribution models (SDMs) to address a variety of topics in ecology, biogeography, evolution, and