Shakespeare’s Starlings

@article{Fugate2021ShakespearesS,
  title={Shakespeare’s Starlings},
  author={Lauren Fugate and John MacNeill Miller},
  journal={Environmental Humanities},
  year={2021}
}
Scientists, environmentalists, and nature writers often report that all common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in North America descend from a flock released in New York City in 1890 by Eugene Schieffelin, a man obsessed with importing all the birds mentioned by Shakespeare. This article uses the methods of literary history to investigate this popular anecdote. Today starlings are much despised as an invasive species that displaces native birds and does almost a billion dollars worth of damage… 

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

Confronting introduced species: a form of xenophobia?

Claims that modern introduced species activity targets all introduced species, not just invasive ones, and neglects benefits of certain introduced species have no basis in fact and becloud an urgent, important issue.

DEAN OF AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS: THE MULTIPLE LEGACIES OF FRANK M. CHAPMAN OF THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

F M C , the “acknowledged dean of American ornithologists” (Lanyon 1995), was a great systematist who paved the way for modern research on South American birds. He was also an intrepid explorer, a

Acclimatisation and Environmental Renovation: Australian Perspectives on George Perkins Marsh

This article xplores the global dimensions of the thought of George Perkins Marsh and his Man and Nature (1864). It argues that Marsh was not simply influenced by American versus European contrasts

EUROPEAN STARLINGS: A REVIEW OF AN INVASIVE SPECIES WITH FAR-REACHING IMPACTS

It is recommended that the database on migratory and local movements of starlings be augmented and that improved baits and baiting strategies be developed to reduce nuisance populations.

Climates of opinion: acclimatization in nineteenth-century France and England.

In an age when the colonial powers were intervening in the world's human order, acclimatization provided a way for scientists to intervene in its natural order and theories proposing an active adaptation to a new climate, and thus the feasibility of transforming foreign organisms, were soon to emerge.

All Things Harmless, Useful, and Ornamental

Species acclimatization--the organized introduction of organisms to a new region--is much maligned in the present day. However, colonization depended on moving people, plants, and animals from place

The status of the urban house sparrow Passer domesticus in north-western Europe: a review

The aim of this paper is to provide a summary of the present status of the house sparrow in urban areas in north-western Europe and to identify those areas of research that will provide the necessary evidence to understand what is going on.

European Starlings and their effect on native cavity-nesting birds

The results of this study fail to support the claim that starlings have had a severe impact on populations of native birds, and highlight the difficulties of predicting the impacts of invasive species.

Acclimatizing the World: A History of the Paradigmatic Colonial Science

Efforts are made to show why many perceived acclimatization to be the paradigmatic colonial science with applications as diverse as agriculture, settlement schemes, field sports, and human health.

The Aliens Have Landed! Reflections on the Rhetoric of Biological Invasions

One spring morning in 1995, ecologist Jayne Belnap walked into a dry grassland in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, an area that she has been studying for more than 15 years. "I literally stopped and
...