Shaikhly Authority in the Pre‐oil Gulf: An Historical–Anthropological Study

@article{Onley2006ShaikhlyAI,
  title={Shaikhly Authority in the Pre‐oil Gulf: An Historical–Anthropological Study},
  author={James Onley and Sulayman N. Khalaf},
  journal={History and Anthropology},
  year={2006},
  volume={17},
  pages={189 - 208}
}
This article provides a comprehensive synthesis of existing studies of rulership and political allegiance in the Arabian Gulf before oil. It examines the main factors affecting the shaikhs’ authority and the interconnectedness and interplay between them. It shows how these factors affected the rulers’ authority in a dialectical fashion: sometimes empowering it, sometimes constraining it, sometimes both simultaneously. 

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