Sexual selection, feather breakage and parasites: the importance of white spots in the tail of the barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)

@article{Kose1999SexualSF,
  title={Sexual selection, feather breakage and parasites: the importance of white spots in the tail of the barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)},
  author={Mati Kose and Anders Pape M{\o}ller},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1999},
  volume={45},
  pages={430-436}
}
  • M. Kose, A. Møller
  • Published 12 May 1999
  • Environmental Science
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Abstract The long outermost tail feathers of barn swallows Hirundo rustica have white spots that are larger in males than in females and in adults than in juveniles. [] Key Result Experimental treatment significantly affected the total number of offspring produced per season: breeding tended to be delayed and second broods were less frequent after a considerable reduction in the size of the males' tail feather spots.
Sexual selection for white tail spots in the barn swallow in relation to habitat choice by feather lice
TLDR
White tail spots in barn swallows appear to be a reliable signal of phenotypic quality, indicating that long-tailed males may reliably signal their quality by the presence of large white tail spots without parasite damage.
Experimental manipulation of size and shape of tail spots and sexual selection in barn swallows
TLDR
Findings are consistent with the hypothesis that it is the shape rather than the size of tail spots that affects differential reproductive effort by female barn swallows.
White tail spots in breeding Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica signal body condition during winter moult
TLDR
This study is the first to provide evidence that features of white markings on feathers directly reflect body condition at the time of moult and can therefore reliably signal phenotypic quality in the context of socio-sexual communication.
An additional field method to sex adult Barn Swallows during the non-breeding season in Zambia: white spot length in the outer tail feather
TLDR
The importance of measuring the white spot length in addition to the tail fork depth and tail length to sex adult Barn Swallows in the non-breeding season is emphasised.
Relationship between sexual signals and louse (Insecta: Phthiraptera) infestation of breeding and migrating Barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) in Hungary
TLDR
It is suggested that attractive males have more physical interactions during the breeding season, than less attractive males, hence they are more exposed to louse transmission, and therefore the difference in the infestation declines towards the end of thebreeding season.
Frequency and consequences of feather holes in Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica
TLDR
It is suggested that the negative effect of feather holes on the fitness of the birds is mainly apparent during periods of intensive locomotor activity, such as migration, and that the tail is a condition-dependent secondary sexual characteristic.
The Feather Holes on the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica and Other Small Passerines are Probably Caused by Brueelia Spp. Lice
Abstract Barn swallows Hirundo rustica often have characteristic feather holes on wing and tail feathers. During the past 15 yr, several influential papers have been based on the assumption that
Intensity of Melanin-Based Color and Risk of Predation in the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
TLDR
It is suggested that Barn Swallows with long tails that fail to deposit large amounts of melanin in their tail feathers run an elevated risk of predation.
MELANIN-BASED COLOURATION AS A SIGNAL OF INDIVIDUAL QUALITY AND ITS POTENTIAL ROLE IN SEXUAL SELECTION IN THE BARN SWALLOW (HIRUNDO RUSTICA)
TLDR
Female promiscuity and its phenotypic correlates, and composition of the social pair, deserve closer attention in studies of sexual selection mediated by extra-bond 43.
Juvenile plumage whiteness is associated with the evolution of clutch size in passerines
The offspring of many animals are conspicuous during parental dependence, despite juveniles generally suffering from high predation risk. However, to date, it is unclear whether offspring
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References

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PATERNITY AND TAIL ORNAMENTATION IN THE BARN SWALLOW (HIRUNDO RUSTICA)
TLDR
There is a causal, positive relationship between male tail length and paternity and this study shows that female choice is a component of selection for larger male ornaments.
Sexual ornamentation and immunocompetence in the barn swallow
TLDR
The results suggest that tail length imposes an immunocompetence cost on males, and that males with naturally long tails are differentially better able to cope with this cost.
Sexual Selection in the Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). IV. Patterns of Fluctuating Asymmetry and Selection against Asymmetry
TLDR
Levels of fluctuating asymmetry in barn swallows are associated with differences in fitness, and most morphological traits exhibited intermediate repeatabilities between years, with the exception of male and female outer tail length, which were highly repeatable.
EFFECTS OF A HAEMATOPHAGOUS MITE ON THE BARN SWALLOW (HIRUNDO RUSTICA): A TEST OF THE HAMILTON AND ZUK HYPOTHESIS
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    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
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TLDR
Experimental manipulation of mite loads and partial cross‐fostering experiments on Barn Swallows shows that parasite burdens and origin, but not rearing conditions, of Bam Swallow nestlings, affected their adult tarsus length and maximum body weight shortly before fledging.
Extra-pair paternity and tail ornamentation in the barn swallow Hirundo rustica
TLDR
Female barn swallows pursue extra-pair copulations with attractive males, which may result in sexual selection, even though extra- Pair paternity is costly for females due to the reduction of paternal care by their social mates.
Secondary sexual characters, parasites and testosterone in the barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
TLDR
Results are consistent with the immuno-competence version of the handicap principle, and the length of the outermost tail feathers, which are secondary sexual characters currently involved in sexual selection, was positively related to adjusted circulating levels of testosterone.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE EFFORT DEPENDS ON THE DEGREE OF ORNAMENTATION OF THEIR MATES
TLDR
It is reported for the first time in a field study that females of the monogamous barn swallow Hirundo rustica adjust their reproductive effort to the attractiveness of their mates, and has important implications for the theory of sexual selection and for the possibility of testing current models of female mate preferences.
Female choice selects for male sexual tail ornaments in the monogamous swallow
TLDR
In the monogamous swallow, Hirundo rustica, males with experimentally elpngated tail ornaments obtain mates more quickly than males with shorter tails, and enjoy increased reproductive output in one breeding season, suggesting male sexual ornament may also be maintained by female mate choice in monogamous species.
Melanin and the abrasion resistance of feathers
TLDR
The pelagic smooth, C. lumpsucker, Aptocyclus ventricosus (Pallas), in the 1977, in the Aleutian Basin, p. 227-260.
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