Sexual reproduction as an adaptation to resist parasites (a review).

@article{Hamilton1990SexualRA,
  title={Sexual reproduction as an adaptation to resist parasites (a review).},
  author={William David Hamilton and Robert Axelrod and Reiko Tanese},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1990},
  volume={87 9},
  pages={
          3566-73
        }
}
Darwinian theory has yet to explain adequately the fact of sex. If males provide little or no aid to offspring, a high (up to 2-fold) extra average fitness has to emerge as a property of a sexual parentage if sex is to be stable. The advantage must presumably come from recombination but has been hard to identify. It may well lie in the necessity to recombine defenses to defeat numerous parasites. A model demonstrating this works best for contesting hosts whose defense polymorphisms are… CONTINUE READING
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