Sexual harassment experiences and harmful alcohol use in a military sample: differences in gender and the mediating role of depression.

  title={Sexual harassment experiences and harmful alcohol use in a military sample: differences in gender and the mediating role of depression.},
  author={Jaimie L. Gradus and Amy E Street and Kacie Kelly and Jane. Stafford},
  journal={Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs},
  volume={69 3},
OBJECTIVE Researchers and clinicians alike are interested in the effects of sexual harassment on mental health, including associations with problem drinking. The aim of the current investigation was to examine depression symptoms as a mediator of the association between sexual harassment during military service and current harmful alcohol use in a sample of former military personnel, stratified by gender. METHOD Using a cross-sectional design, 3,946 former reservists were surveyed regarding… 

Tables from this paper

Workplace Harassment Based on Sex: A Risk Factor for Women’s Mental Health Problems

An estimated one out of every two women is sexually harassed during her working life, making it perhaps the most widespread form of violence against women. ‘Sexual harassment’ (also known as

Peer sexual harassment, affect, and substance use: Daily level associations among adolescents.

INTRODUCTION Peer sexual harassment is associated with adolescent substance use at the global level; however, it is unknown whether substance use occurs proximal in time to the sexual harassment

Mental distress and sexual harassment in Italian university students

Harassment has a strong negative impact on the mental health of victims; in some cases, men may be more affected than women; Clinicians should be aware of the negative impact of SH also on men.

Combat deployment is associated with sexual harassment or sexual assault in a large, female military cohort.

Moral Injury as a Mediator of the Associations Between Sexual Harassment and Mental Health Symptoms and Substance Use Among Women Veterans

The results suggest that additional training for military members, and particularly, military leaders, is necessary to begin to reduce sexual harassment, and mental health providers who work with current and former military members should consider how other-directed moral injury may be associated with mental health symptoms among women veterans who have experienced sexual harassment while in the military.

Attitudes about victims of workplace sexual harassment based on sex

  • Brian Cesario
  • Psychology
    Current Research in Behavioral Sciences
  • 2020

Sexual Harassment to Male Hotel Employees: An Assessment of its Negative Consequences

Background : Sexual harassment in the workplace is an important issue that leaders should always be striving to address, but the public’s focus has always been on harassment by male perpetrators

Sexual Harassment of Law Enforcement Officers: Findings From a Nationally Representative Survey

One of the first nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of female and male law enforcement officers (LEOs) is used to assess the prevalence of workplace sexual harassment victimization and finds greater support for the vulnerable-victim model.

Alcohol Use Among Active Duty Women: Analysis AUDIT Scores From the 2011 Health-Related Behavior Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel.

Findings suggest that some active duty women use alcohol to cope with adverse emotional states, whereas others use alcohol consistent with propensity for high-risk behaviors.



Sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse among university employees: prevalence and mental health correlates.

Interpersonally abusive workplace dynamics constitute a significant public health problem that merits increased intervention and prevention strategies.

Workplace harassment/abuse and alcohol-related outcomes: the mediating role of psychological distress.

The data showed that harassment and abuse predicted drinking outcomes and psychological distress, and that the associations between harassment/abuse and drinking outcomes were partially mediated by distress.

Perceived workplace harassment experiences and problem drinking among physicians: broadening the stress/alienation paradigm.

It is argued that a broadened conceptualization of stress and alienation which incorporates abusive work relationships has utility for explaining male and female drinking outcomes in both high and low status occupations.

Possible Contributors to the Gender Differences in Alcohol Use and Problems

It is suggested that the biological and social consequences of alcohol abuse for women may be especially potent protective factors against AUDs and the possibility of public health campaigns developed on the basis of this idea is discussed.

The 8-year course of alcohol abuse: gender differences in social context and coping.

It may be important to target men for formal services or self-help to increase their use of approach coping in efforts to maintain abstinence and women's strategies for improving their social context need further explication to be adapted for transfer to male problem drinkers.

Do Men's and Women's Experiences of Sexual Harassment Differ? An Examination of the Differential Test Functioning of the Sexual Experiences Questionnaire

The Sexual Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ; Fitzgerald, Gelfand, & Drasgow, 1995; Fitzgerald et al., 1988) was originally developed to assess women's experiences of sexual harassment. It was subsequ...

Drinking to cope, emotional distress and alcohol use and abuse: a ten-year model.

Baseline drinking to cope was associated with more alcohol consumption and drinking problems at all four observations across the 10-year interval and individuals who had a stronger propensity to drink to cope showed a stronger link between both anxiety and depressive symptoms and drinking outcomes.

Gender differences in the causal direction between workplace harassment and drinking.

Measuring Sexual Harassment in the Military: The Sexual Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ—DoD)

The harassment of women in the military is receiving increased attention from both policymakers and the popular media. Stimulated originally by the Navy's Tailhook episode in 1991, and more recentl...

Department of Defense 1995 Sexual Harassment Survey.

Abstract : This report describes basic results from the 1995 Status of the Armed Forces Surveys of sexual harassment. Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) conducted the first Joint-Service,