Sexual conflicts in spotted hyenas: male and female mating tactics and their reproductive outcome with respect to age, social status and tenure

@article{East2003SexualCI,
  title={Sexual conflicts in spotted hyenas: male and female mating tactics and their reproductive outcome with respect to age, social status and tenure},
  author={Marion L. East and Terrence A Burke and Kerstin Wilhelm and C. Greig and Heribert Hofer},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2003},
  volume={270},
  pages={1247 - 1254}
}
  • M. East, T. Burke, H. Hofer
  • Published 22 June 2003
  • Psychology
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
We investigated the reproductive outcomes of male and female mating tactics in the spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta, a female–dominated social carnivore with high maternal investment, an absence of paternal care and female control over copulation. Paternity was determined using microsatellite profiling of 236 offspring in 171 litters from three clans. We found little evidence that male tactics that sought to coerce or monopolize females were successful. Polyandry and sperm competition appeared to… 

Figures from this paper

Courtship and mating in free-living spotted hyenas

TLDR
It is suggested that low fertility may be an important cost of female virilization in this species and individual male hyenas may adopt alternative reproductive tactics to attract and acquire mates.

Individual, social, and sexual niche traits affect copulation success in a polygynandrous mating system

TLDR
The results suggest that hyraxes choose mating partners from their available mate pool (or sexual niche) taking into account the traits of their actual mates, other potential mates, and those of their competitors.

Social Variables Affecting Mate Preferences, Copulation and Reproductive Outcome in a Pack of Free-Ranging Dogs

TLDR
The present study investigated how social variables affected mating outcome in a pack of free-ranging dogs, a species supposed to have lost most features of the social system of wolves during domestication, finding that both male copulation success and female reproductive success were positively influenced by a linear combination of dominance rank, age and leadership.

Polyandrous mating in treetops: how male competition and female choice interact to determine an unusual carnivore mating system

TLDR
Determinants and consequences of a unique mating system exhibited by fossas, the largest Malagasy carnivore, where females mate polyandrously on traditional mating trees, and males exhibit intrasexual size dimorphism are explored.

Selected polyandry: female choice and inter-sexual conflict in a small nocturnal solitary primate (Microcebus murinus)

TLDR
Females exhibited a mixed mating strategy, avoiding costly direct mate choice but still counteracting male efforts to monopolize mating, successfully increasing genetic variability among offspring.

Female control of paternity by spawning site choice in a cooperatively polyandrous cichlid

TLDR
This work presents direct evidence that a cooperative polyandrous cichlid fish with external fertilisation, Julidochromis transcriptus, uses environmental factors to manipulate male access to, and therefore paternity of, their egg clutches.

Female mating status affects male mating tactic expression in the wolf spider Rabidosa punctulata

TLDR
The observation of multiple mating in female R. punctulata introduces the potential for sperm competition, and sexual conflict in terms of the fitness consequences of these mating outcomes for both males and females is discussed.

Living on the wedge: female control of paternity in a cooperatively polyandrous cichlid

TLDR
A new form of female paternity control is shown in a cooperatively polyandrous cichlid fish (Julidochromis transcriptus), in which females prefer wedge-shaped nesting sites, which induced multiple male paternity and increased male brood care as a result.

Female mate-choice drives the evolution of male-biased dispersal in a social mammal

TLDR
It is shown that male-biased dispersal in the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) most probably results from an adaptive response by males to simple female mate-choice rules that have evolved to avoid inbreeding.

Battle of the sexes: a multi-male mating strategy helps lionesses win the gender war of fitness

TLDR
The intergender spacing patterns and resultant sexual strategies of lions differ in Asia and Africa probably because of contrasting resource availability, highlighting behavioral plasticity within species inhabiting diverse eco-regions.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

Female tactics to reduce sexual harassment in the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)

  • E. Fox
  • Biology
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 2002
TLDR
Female initiation of protective services by adult males is one social tactic that female orangutans employ to reduce sexual harassment, which may be one factor that influences female mate choice in Sumatran orangUTans.

Sexual conflict and the evolution of female mate choice and male social dominance

TLDR
The dynamic struggle between the sexes for control of mating opportunities and outcomes in N.cinerea reveals a unique role for sexual conflict in the evolution of the behavioural components of sexual selection.

Dispersal Status Influences Hormones and Behavior in the Male Spotted Hyena

TLDR
Two different relationships appear to exist between circulating testosterone and social rank in male Crocuta: one apparent in immigrants and the other in natal adult males, which suggest that dispersal might disinhibit testosterone secretion in postpubertal male hyenas.

Sexual coercion in animal societies

Abstract In a wide range of animal species, males coerce females to mate with them, either by physically forcing them to mate, by harassing them until they mate or by punishing persistent refusal to

Association patterns among male and female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) reflect male mate choice

Abstract. Although female animals tend to be choosier than males in selecting mates, sexual selection theory predicts that males should also be choosy when female fecundity varies. Reproductive

Behavioral processes and costs of co-existence in female spotted hyenas: a life history perspective

TLDR
This study shows that the frequency-dependent outcome of behavioral processes can be a key determinant of maternal reproductive success in social carnivores and have a profound influence on the reproductive career prospects of offspring.

Sexual selection and the potential reproductive rates of males and females

TLDR
It is shown that among species where males care for the young, the sex with the higher potential reproductive rate competes more intensely for mates than thesex with the lower potential rate of reproduction.

The evolution of polyandry II: post–copulatory defenses against genetic incompatibility

  • J. A. ZehD. W. Zeh
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1997
TLDR
This work presents examples from the literature to illustrate how sperm competition and female choice of sperm can enable polyandrous females to minimize the risk of fertilization by genetically–incompatible sperm.

Loss of oestrus, concealed ovulation and paternity confusion in free-ranging Hanuman langurs

TLDR
This work demonstrates the capacity for paternity confusion and multiple paternity, and shows that despite a high degree of monopolization of receptive females by the dominant male, non-dominant males father a substantial proportion of offspring.
...