Sexual coercion and courtship by male western gorillas

  title={Sexual coercion and courtship by male western gorillas},
  author={Thomas Breuer and Andrew M. Robbins and Martha M. Robbins},
Sexual coercion and courtship are possible explanations for why male primates may direct agonistic behavior towards females. If so, then in species where females exhibit mate choice by transferring between males: (a) females who are not lactating (potential migrants) should receive more agonistic behavior than other females, (b) males should exhibit more agonistic behavior towards females during intergroup encounters than when no rival males are nearby, and (c) males should show more herding… 
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