Sexual Sadism

@article{Nitschke2013SexualS,
  title={Sexual Sadism},
  author={Joachim Nitschke and Andreas Mokros and Michael Osterheider and William L. Marshall},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  year={2013},
  volume={57},
  pages={1441 - 1453}
}
  • J. Nitschke, A. Mokros, +1 author W. Marshall
  • Published 1 December 2013
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
The phenomenon of sexual sadism was first scientifically described by Richard von Krafft-Ebing in 1999 as a sexual preference disorder that focuses on the infliction of suffering, pain, or humiliation to achieve sexual gratification. The present article reviews the historical development of the term sexual sadism, including the current descriptive nosology of psychiatric classification. Despite clear definitions that specify the sexual objects, duration, and distress necessary for a disorder… 
Sadism in sexual offenders: evidence for dimensionality.
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Using behavioral indicators derived from crime scene actions as well as clinical data, the latent structure of the disorder is identified and sadistic conduct in sexual offenses is likely an extreme form of coercion, but not a qualitatively different entity.
MTC Sadism Scale: Toward a Dimensional Assessment of Severe Sexual Sadism With Behavioral Markers
TLDR
The results indicate that the MTC Sexual Sadism Scale possesses good psychometric properties for the dimensional assessment of severe sexual sadism with behavioral markers, and support the current consensus to move toward a dimensional interpretation of sadism.
Sadism Among Sexual Homicide Offenders: Validation of the Sexual Sadism Scale
TLDR
The results support the usefulness of the Se SaS instrument for assessing forensically relevant forms of sadism and the substantial correlation between the SeSaS Part 1 total score and original clinical diagnoses ofSadism confirms the criterion validity of the scale.
Convergent Validity of Three Measures of Sexual Sadism: Value of a Dimensional Measure
TLDR
There was an important correlation between SESAS scores and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) sexual sadism diagnosis, and the results are consistent with other phallometric studies, which reported no difference in the penile responses of individuals diagnosed as sadists and those not diagnosed asSadists.
Sexual Sadism in the Context of Rape and Sexual Homicide
TLDR
Findings suggest that several crime scene behaviors overlap with an official diagnosis of sexual sadism as well as being able to distinguish between sexual aggressors of women and sexual murderers.
Sexual Sadism Among Sex Offenders in Switzerland
TLDR
The results suggest that the use of the SeSaS may improve the validity and reliability of sexual sadism diagnoses, therefore playing a role in the assessment and management of sex offenders.
Table 1 Agreement Among Five Raters in 20 Randomly Chosen Cases on Items of the Sexual Sadism Scale and Clinical Diagnosis
Recurrent and intense sexual fantasies and urges that circle around the infliction of pain or humiliation on another human being may predispose individuals toward acts of sexual aggression against
Deconstructing sexual killing
This thesis aims to deconstruct the problem of sexual killing both by examining the validity of conceptualising sexual offending on a continuum and exploring the categorisation of a killing as sexual
Sexual Sadism: Its Role in the Crime-Commission Process of Sexual Homicide of Children
TLDR
Findings indicate that sadistic SH of children are characterized by an important level of structured premeditation, the commission of more diversified sexual acts, the use of specific method of killing, and the partial use of forensic awareness strategies.
The Role of Sadomasochism in Shaping Violent Sexual Motivation
ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to name the symptoms and signs of S&M, defined as a mental disorder and a deviant behavior pattern, and to determine their role in shaping violent sex
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References

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Behavioral Discriminators of Sexual Sadism and Paraphilia Nonconsent in a Sample of Civilly Committed Sexual Offenders
  • H. Richards, R. Jackson
  • Medicine, Psychology
    International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2011
TLDR
This study examined the offense behavior of 39 civilly committed sexual offenders diagnosed with sexual sadism compared to a group of similarly committed individual diagnoses with Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)— Nonconsent, and found the use of noncontingent threats as well as gestures of mutuality to be more common among sadists.
The DSM Diagnostic Criteria for Sexual Sadism
  • R. Krueger
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of sexual behavior
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TLDR
It is concluded that the diagnosis of Sexual Sadism should be retained, that minimal modifications of the wording of this diagnosis are warranted, and that there is a need for the development of dimensional and structured diagnostic instruments.
Professional Perspectives on Sexual Sadism
TLDR
Concerns about the reliability and validity of a diagnosis of sexual sadism are raised, particularly with respect to how professionals conceptualize this diagnosis, as professionals understand the relative importance of behaviors associated with sadistic versus nonsadistic sexual offending.
Comparing indicators of sexual sadism as predictors of recidivism among adult male sexual offenders.
TLDR
The results support the use of more behaviorally operationalized indicators of sexual sadism, especially phallometric assessment of sexual arousal, and suggest the DSM criteria for sexualSadism require further work.
A Cumulative Scale of Severe Sexual Sadism
TLDR
The article assesses the scale properties of the criterion set for severe sexual sadism in a sample of male forensic patients and concludes that the resulting 11-item scale is highly reliable and represents a strong scale of the Guttman type.
Diagnosing Sexual Sadism in Sexual Offenders: Reliability across Diagnosticians
On the basis of detailed accounts of offences committed by 12 dangerous sexual offenders and of descriptions of their life histories, their responses to various tests, self-reports of
The Severe Sexual Sadism Scale: cross-validation and scale properties.
TLDR
Based on an Austrian sample of 105 sexual offenders, the present study replicated the 1-dimensional scale structure of the SSSS and found that the scale was commensurate with the1-parameter logistic test model (Rasch model) and criterion validity for the clinical diagnosis of sexual sadism was good.
Issues Concerning the Reliability and Validity of the Diagnosis of Sexual Sadism Applied in Prison Settings
TLDR
This study examined limited aspects of the diagnoses of sexual sadism among incarcerated sexual offenders following DSM-III-R or DSM-IV criteria and found few differences between those offenders diagnosed as sadists and those not so diagnosed.
The Diagnostic Reliability of Sexual Sadism
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  • Medicine, Psychology
    Sexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment
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TLDR
In the present study, 34 evaluators throughout the United States reviewed summaries of committed sex offenders and agreed more than 90% of the time on whether offenders met criteria for any paraphilia in general and sexual sadism in particular.
Demographic and psychosocial features of participants in bondage and discipline, "sadomasochism" or dominance and submission (BDSM): data from a national survey.
TLDR
The idea that BDSM is simply a sexual interest or subculture attractive to a minority, and for most participants not a pathological symptom of past abuse or difficulty with "normal" sex, is supported.
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