Sexual Risk Factors for HIV Infection in Early and Advanced HIV Epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic Overview of 68 Epidemiological Studies

@article{Chen2007SexualRF,
  title={Sexual Risk Factors for HIV Infection in Early and Advanced HIV Epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic Overview of 68 Epidemiological Studies},
  author={Lei Chen and Prabhat Jha and Bridget Stirling and Sema K Sgaier and Tina Daid and Rupert Kaul and Nico Nagelkerke},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2007},
  volume={2},
  pages={917 - 25}
}
BACKGROUND It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases. METHODS AND FINDINGS We conducted a systematic review of 68 African epidemiological studies from 1986 to 2006 involving 17,000 HIV positive adults and 73,000 controls. We used random-effects methods and stratified results by gender, time, background HIV… CONTINUE READING

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