Sexual Orientation, Controversy, and Science

  title={Sexual Orientation, Controversy, and Science},
  author={J. Michael Bailey and Paul L. Vasey and Lisa M. Diamond and S. Marc Breedlove and Eric Vilain and Marc Epprecht},
  journal={Psychological Science in the Public Interest},
  pages={101 - 45}
Summary Ongoing political controversies around the world exemplify a long-standing and widespread preoccupation with the acceptability of homosexuality. Nonheterosexual people have seen dramatic surges both in their rights and in positive public opinion in many Western countries. In contrast, in much of Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, Oceania, and parts of Asia, homosexual behavior remains illegal and severely punishable, with some countries retaining the death penalty for it. Political… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Conservative Christianity and Resistance to Sexual Justice
In this article, I situate the practice of sexual orientation conversion efforts (SOCE), sometimes known as conversion or reparative therapy, within historical, cultural, religious and political
Understanding sexual prejudice: The role of political ideology and strategic essentialism
Despite the increased visibility and acceptance of the LGBTQ community, sexual minorities continue to face prejudice and discrimination in many domains. Past research has shown that this prejudice is
Scrutinizing Immutability: Research on Sexual Orientation and U.S. Legal Advocacy for Sexual Minorities
It is concluded that the legal rights of individuals with same-sex attractions and relationships should not be framed as if they depend on a certain pattern of scientific findings regarding sexual orientation, given what the authors now know from longitudinal, population-based studies of naturally occurring changes in the same- sexes over time.
Trans Prejudice and Its Potential Links to IPV Among Trans People
During the last 20 years, trans and gender non-conforming (TGNC) individuals have become more visible in social activism, politics, and popular media. Concomitant with this visibility has been
Understanding and Reducing Sexual Prejudice in Jamaica: Theoretical and Practical Insights From a Severely Anti-Gay Society
  • Keon West
  • Psychology
    Journal of sex research
  • 2018
Empirical research on Jamaican anti-LGBT prejudice from the past 15 years is reviewed, Jamaica is placed within the global context, the current understanding of the severity and nature of the problem is explained, solutions currently being explored are evaluated, and promising strategies based on available evidence are suggested.
Negotiating sexual and gender diversity in rural and peri-urban KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
A noticeable tendency in the first generation of scholarship on sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (SOGIE) in Africa has been the focus on urban or modern institutional settings. A
Science and theology in human sexuality
ABSTRACT Christian debates about human sexuality are often presented as being concerned primarily with differences regarding authority of scripture. It is proposed here that they might more
Unraveling Health Disparities Among Sexual and Gender Minorities: A Commentary on the Persistent Impact of Stigma
This commentary confronts the view held by some researchers that the disparate rates of mental health problems reported among LGBT populations are the consequences of pursuing a particular life trajectory, rather than resulting from the corrosive and persistent impact of stigma.
When and Why Is Religious Attendance Associated With Antigay Bias and Gay Rights Opposition? A Justification-Suppression Model Approach
Findings suggest that social divisions on homosexuality in relatively tolerant social contexts may be in large part due to religious justifications for antigay bias (consistent with the JSM), with important implications for decreasing bias.


Dual Attraction: Understanding Bisexuality
For the past two generations, extensive research has been conducted on the determinants of homosexuality. But, until now, scant attention has been paid to what is perhaps the most mysterious-and
Hungochani: The History of a Dissident Sexuality in Southern Africa
In the vivid tapestry of global queer cultures Africa has long been neglected or stereotyped. In "Hungochani", Marc Epprecht seeks to change that by tracing the history and traditions of
Homosexuality as Contagion: From the Well of Loneliness to the Boy Scouts
In the political arena, there are currently two central and competing views of homosexuality. Pro-family organizations, working from a contagion model of homosexuality, contend that homosexuality is
Medicine, Male Bonding and Homosezxuality in Nazi Germany
Homosexuals were among those persecuted in nazi Germany. Various researchers have explained this in terms of National Socialist racist ideology and eugenics, because the, nazis justified their
Cures versus Choices: Agendas in Sexual Reorientation Therapy
SUMMARY Longstanding debates have occurred in the mental health fields on the issues surrounding sexual reorientation therapy. Both sides agree that a subset of individuals with same-sex attractions
Gay or Straight?
Abstract Issues pertaining to sexual orientation, while always deeply personal, are most profoundly constructed along traditional lines by cultural factors. The dilemma-gay or straight-appears most
Can Some Gay Men and Lesbians Change Their Sexual Orientation? 200 Participants Reporting a Change from Homosexual to Heterosexual Orientation
  • R. Spitzer
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2003
There is evidence that change in sexual orientation following some form of reparative therapy does occur in some gay men and lesbians.
Does Believing Homosexuality Is Innate Increase Support for Gay Rights
Why are Americans who believe homosexuality is innate more likely to support the rights of lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (LGBs)? Attribution theory suggests that people are more likely to support
Is Homosexuality a Paraphilia? The Evidence For and Against
  • J. Cantor
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2012
The present article examined the question of homosexuality by comparing the major correlates and other features of homosexuality and of the paraphilias, including prevalence, sex ratio, onset and course, fraternal birth order, physical height, handedness, IQ and cognitive neuropsychological profile, and neuroanatomy.
Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women's Love and Desire
Is love "blind" when it comes to gender? For women, it just might be. This unsettling and original book offers a radical new understanding of the context-dependent nature of female sexuality. Lisa