Sexual Assault in Women Veterans: An Examination of PTSD Risk, Health Care Utilization, and Cost of Care

@article{Surs2004SexualAI,
  title={Sexual Assault in Women Veterans: An Examination of PTSD Risk, Health Care Utilization, and Cost of Care},
  author={Alina Sur{\'i}s and Lisa M. Lind and T. Michael Kashner and Patricia D. Borman and Frederick Petty},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={66},
  pages={749-756}
}
Objective: This study examines the differential impact of military, civilian adult, and childhood sexual assault on the likelihood of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It also examines the relationship of military sexual assault (MSA) to service utilization and health care costs among women who access services through Veterans Affairs (VA). Methods: A convenience sample of 270 veteran women receiving medical and/or mental health treatment at the VA North Texas Healthcare System… 

Sexual trauma in the military: Exploring PTSD and mental health care utilization in female veterans.

TLDR
A history of military sexual trauma was found to be a substantial contributor to symptoms of PTSD, and a majority of female veterans who indicated being sexually assaulted during their military service met the cutoff for a diagnosis of PTSD.

Lifetime History of Sexual Assault and Emergency Department Service Use among Women Veterans.

Sexual Assault and Disabling PTSD in Active Duty Service Women.

TLDR
Active Duty service women with PTSD and a MST index trauma are much more likely to require disability evaluation (IDES) than those with PTSD due to other trauma types.

Military sexual assault (MSA) among veterans in Southern California: Associations with physical health, psychological health, and risk behaviors.

TLDR
The relationship between military sexual assault (MSA) and various health and behavioral outcomes among a community-based sample of male and female veterans is described and the need for timely assessment of MSA to help mitigate negative health outcomes among veterans is highlighted.

Sexual Assault in the Military and Increased Odds of Sexual Pain Among Female Veterans.

TLDR
The relationship between sexual assault and sexual pain in female veterans is distinct from their civilian peers and may require a targeted treatment approach that takes into account the particular nature and consequences of sexual assault in the military.

The Association Between Military Sexual Trauma and Use of VA and Non-VA Health Care Services Among Female Veterans With Military Service in Iraq or Afghanistan

TLDR
MST was associated with increased use of VA mental health services in bivariate results but was not independently related to VA service utilization after accounting for PTSD and depression symptoms.

Age at sexual assault and posttraumatic stress disorder among women: prevalence, correlates, and implications for prevention.

TLDR
The risk of PTSD is slightly higher among those assaulted before the age of 18 compared with those who were assaulted at age >or=18, and the adverse effect of sexual assault as a risk for PTSD is a major public health concern.
...

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