Sex steroid induced negative mood may be explained by the paradoxical effect mediated by GABAA modulators

@article{Andren2009SexSI,
  title={Sex steroid induced negative mood may be explained by the paradoxical effect mediated by GABAA modulators},
  author={Lotta Andr{\'e}en and Sigrid Nyberg and S. Turkmen and Guido A. van Wingen and Guill{\'e}n Fern{\'a}ndez and Torbj{\"o}rn B{\"a}ckstr{\"o}m},
  journal={Psychoneuroendocrinology},
  year={2009},
  volume={34},
  pages={1121-1132}
}

Effects of GABA active steroids in the female brain with a focus on the premenstrual dysphoric disorder

The underlying studies of this review provide evidence that allopregnanolone is the provoking factor behind the negative mood symptoms in PMDD and that isoallopreg nanolone could ameliorate the symptoms as a result of its ability to antagonise the allopreginolone effect on the GABAA receptor.

The role of ovarian hormone-derived neurosteroids on the regulation of GABAA receptors in affective disorders

GABAAR plasticity associated with alterations in neurosteroid levels represents a homeostatic compensatory mechanism to maintain an ideal level of inhibition to offset the potentiating effects of neurosteroids on GABAergic inhibition.

Sex and estrous cycle influence diazepam effects on anxiety and memory: Possible role of progesterone

Systematic review of gamma-aminobutyric-acid inhibitory deficits across the reproductive life cycle

GA-inhibitory function fluctuates across the menstrual cycle and is reduced perinatally, which has potential implications for a role of GABAergically mediated interventions in the prevention and treatment of menstrual cycle-related and perinatal depressive disorders.

Multifunctional aspects of allopregnanolone in stress and related disorders

  • Anjana BaliA. Jaggi
  • Biology, Medicine
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
  • 2014

Effects of acute progesterone administration upon responses to acute psychosocial stress in men.

Progesterone dampened some of the psychological effects of stress but produced inconsistent effects on physiological stress responses, as shown in the chart below.

Hormesis and Female Sex Hormones

Examples of female sexual steroids demonstrating bidirectional dose-response relations and to discuss this in the perspective of hormesis are reviewed, including the effects on cerebral ischemia, inflammation, cardiovascular diseases and anxiety.
...

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