Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: what, whether, and why.

@article{Li2006SexSA,
  title={Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: what, whether, and why.},
  author={Norman P. Li and Douglas T. Kenrick},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2006},
  volume={90 3},
  pages={
          468-89
        }
}
Are there sex differences in criteria for sexual relationships? The answer depends on what question a researcher asks. Data suggest that, whereas the sexes differ in whether they will enter short-term sexual relationships, they are more similar in what they prioritize in partners for such relationships. However, additional data and context of other findings and theory suggest different underlying reasons. In Studies 1 and 2, men and women were given varying "mate budgets" to design short-term… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Norwegian Men and Women Value Similar Mate Traits in Short-Term Relationships

Interestingly, no interaction effect was found between sex and mating strategy in that differences between long-term and short-term seekers in mate preferences did not change depending on sex, which suggests that men and women value the same traits in short- term relationships.

Mate preferences for educated partners: Similarities and differences in the sexes depend on mating context

The validity of sex-differentiated mate preferences: Reconciling the seemingly conflicting evidence

Across decades and cultures, researchers have found that men prefer physical attractiveness in their romantic partners more than women do, whereas women prefer social status and resources in their

Intra-sex Variation in Human Mating Strategies: Different People, Different Tactics

The results suggest that males and females use different mating tactics for short-term mating and that males use different tactics for long- term mating, and that studies of mate preferences must consider individual self-perceptions.

Sex differences in mate preferences revisited: do people know what they initially desire in a romantic partner?

Data revealed no sex differences in the associations between participants' romantic interest in real-life potential partners and the attractiveness and earning prospects of those partners and participants' ideal preferences, assessed before the speed-dating event, failed to predict what inspired their actual desire at the event.

Mate Preference Necessities in Long- and Short-Term Mating: People Prioritize in Themselves What Their Mates Prioritize in Them

People were given highly constrained low budgets of mate dollars to allocate across various characteristics pertaining to their ideal partners and to their ideal selves for longand short-term mating.

Intra-sex Variation in Human Mating Strategies: Different People, Different Tactics

Several studies have demonstrated that men and women exhibit different romantic preferences, which align with the patterns predicted by sexual strategies theory. It is also assumed that the mate’s

Sexual Orientation and Shifts in Preferences for a Partner's Body Attributes in Short-Term versus Long-Term Mating Contexts

Both lesbians and heterosexual women showed a shift in preferences toward more physically attractive partners for short-term relationships and suggest that preferences for physical attributes of sexual partners may be shared by members of the same sex regardless of sexual orientation.

Mating Decisions in the Absence of Physical Attraction

Objective Mates high in physical attractiveness are in short supply, which means that not all people are able to find mates who are sufficiently attractive. Threshold models of mate preferences

Mate preferences do predict attraction and choices in the early stages of mate selection.

Mate choices were sex-differentiated when considering long-term relationships but not short-term ones, where both sexes shunned partners with low physical attractiveness and the findings validate a large body of mate preferences research and an evolutionary perspective on mating.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 99 REFERENCES

Preferences in human mate selection.

In this article we examine preferences in mate choice within the broader context of the human mating system. Specifically, we discuss the consequences of mate preferences for the processes of

Warm and Homely or Cold and Beautiful? Sex Differences in Trading Off Traits in Mate Selection

As predicted, women (relative to men) placed greater importance on warmth/trustworthiness and status/resources in a potential mate but less importance on attractiveness/vitality, and unexpectedly, sex differences were higher for long-term (compared to short-term) mate choice.

Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1989
Abstract Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were

Partner preferences among homosexual men and women: What is desirable in a sex partner is not necessarily desirable in a romantic partner.

In the present study we examined the degree to which various partner characteristics are preferred by homosexual men and women in a short-term sexual relationship versus a long-term romantic

Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels

The present study investigated mate preferences for five different levels of relationship involvement—marriage, serious relationship, falling in love, casual sex, and sexual fantasies–among

Beauty, Dominance, and the Mating Game: Contrast Effects in Self-Assessment Reflect Gender Differences in Mate Selection

An experimental study examined the effects of exposure to physically attractive and dominant same-sex individuals on self-assessments. Consistent with prior findings on mate selection, it was

Changes in women's sexual interests and their partner's mate–retention tactics across the menstrual cycle: evidence for shifting conflicts of interest

Results showed that women reported greater sexual interest in, and fantasy about, non–primary partners near ovulation than during the luteal phase; but women did not report significantly greater sexualinterest in, or fantasies about, primary partners close to ovulation.

Gender Differences in Receptivity to Sexual Offers

According to cultural stereotypes, men are more eager for sex than are women; women are more likely to set limits on such activity. In this paper, we review the work of theorists who have argued in

Liking Some Things (in Some People) more than Others: Partner Preferences in Romantic Relationships and Friendships

The present investigation examined the degree to which various characteristics are desired in five types of relational partners. Men and women (N = 700) indicated their preferences for several
...