Sex differences in unipolar depression: evidence and theory.

  title={Sex differences in unipolar depression: evidence and theory.},
  author={Susan Nolen-Hoeksema},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={101 2},
A large body of evidence indicates that women are more likely than men to show unipolar depression. Five classes of explanations for these sex differences are examined and the evidence for each class is reviewed. Not one of these explanations adequately accounts for the magnitude of the sex differences in depression. Finally, a response set explanation for the sex differences in depression is proposed. According to this explanation, men are more likely to engage in distracting behaviors that… 

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