Sex differences in pain and analgesia: the role of gonadal hormones

@article{Craft2004SexDI,
  title={Sex differences in pain and analgesia: the role of gonadal hormones},
  author={Rebecca M. Craft and Jeffrey S. Mogil and Anna Maria Aloisi},
  journal={European Journal of Pain},
  year={2004},
  volume={8}
}

Sex and gender differences in pain and analgesia.

Gender differences in pain and its relief.

Experimental data indicate that both a different modulation of the endogenous opioid system and sex hormones are factors influencing pain sensitivity in males and females, and several biological mechanisms implicated in the observed gender-related differences are examined.

Gender Differences in Pain Since Birth

Experimental data indicate that both a different modulation of the endogenous opioid system and sex hormones are factors influencing pain sensitivity in males and females.

Review Sex Differences in Neuroimmunity and Pain

The current Review examines the evidence for gonadal hormone modulation of the immune system, immune system modulation of pain, and interactions that might help to explain sex differences in pain.

Sex differences in neuroimmunity and pain

The current Review examines the evidence for gonadal hormone modulation of the immune system, immune system modulation of pain, and interactions that might help to explain sex differences in pain.

Sex differences in pain: a brief review of clinical and experimental findings.

A brief overview of the extant literature examining sex-related differences in clinical and experimental pain is provided, and several biopsychosocial mechanisms implicated in these male-female differences are highlighted.

Sex-based differences in pain perception and treatment.

Greater understanding of the factors that commonly and differentially affect the disparity in pain perception, as well as analgesic response, are beginning to illuminate research targets and promising areas of therapeutic intervention for improved pain management.

Sex-related differences in pain.

...

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