Sex differences in autoimmune disease.

  title={Sex differences in autoimmune disease.},
  author={Michael D. Lockshin},
  journal={The Orthopedic clinics of North America},
  volume={37 4},
Many, but not all, autoimmune diseases primarily affect women. In humans, severity of illness does not differ between men and women. Men and women respond similarly to infection and vaccination, which suggests that the intrinsic differences in immune response between the sexes do not account for differences in disease frequency. In autoimmune-like illnesses caused by recognized environmental agents, sex discrepancy is usually explained by differences in exposure. Endogenous hormones are not a… CONTINUE READING

From This Paper

Topics from this paper.
47 Citations
0 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 47 extracted citations

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…