Sex determination in flatfishes: Mechanisms and environmental influences.

  title={Sex determination in flatfishes: Mechanisms and environmental influences.},
  author={John Adam Luckenbach and Russell John Borski and Harry V. Daniels and J. B. Godwin},
  journal={Seminars in cell & developmental biology},
  volume={20 3},
Flounder of the genus Paralichthys exhibit a unique mode of sex determination where both low and high temperatures induce male-skewed sex ratios, while intermediate temperatures produce a 1:1 sex ratio. Male differentiation is thus easily induced in genetic females creating a combination of genetic (GSD) and environmental sex determination (ESD). Since male flounder become reproductively fit at substantially smaller body sizes than females, temperature or other environmental variables that… CONTINUE READING
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