Sex attractant of an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): A pulsed chemical signal

  title={Sex attractant of an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): A pulsed chemical signal},
  author={William E. Conner and Thomas Eisner and Robert K. vander Meer and {\'A}ngel Guerrero and Dario Ghiringelli and Jerrold Meinwald},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
SummaryThe sex attractant pheromone produced by the female of the moth Utetheisa ornatrix was shown to contain Z, Z, Z-3, 6, 9-heneicosatriene. The compound, whose structure was confirmed by synthesis, proved active in electroantennogram and field bioassays. Pheromone emission occurs discontinuously, in the form of short pulses (pulse repetition rate=1.5±0.2 pulses/s). It is argued that such temporal patterning — which had not previously been demonstrated for an airborne chemical signal — can… 

Identification of a sex pheromone produced by female velvetbean caterpillar moth

A sex pheromone produced by female velvetbean caterpillar moths,Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner, that attracts conspecific males was isolated and identified as a blend of (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-eicosatriene and

Perception of Conspecific Female Pheromone Stimulates Female Calling in an Arctiid Moth, Utetheisa ornatrix

Contrary to expectations, females did not respond more strongly to a pulsed pheromone stimulus than to the constant release of phersomone at the same average release rate; and the authors did not find a relationship between the frequency of abdominal pumping and peromone release rate.

Female pheromonal chorusing in an arctiid moth, Utetheisa ornatrix

An unusual case of communal sexual display in the arctiid moth Utetheisa ornatrix is reported that is designated "female pheromonal chorusing", and it is argued that this biased sex ratio generates intrasexual competition among females, to which they respond by elevating signaling effort such that the likelihood of at least matching their neighbors' signals is increased.

Sex pheromone of the saltmarsh caterpillar moth,Estigmene acrea

Three compounds have been identified as components of the sex pheromone emitted by females of the saltmarsh caterpillar moth, Estigmene acrea, and there is evidence that the antennal acceptor site for III is chiral.

Male indifference to female traits in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)

Abstract.  1. Female Utetheisa ornatrix (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) mate selectively with large males able to transmit sizeable quantities of nutrient and defensive pyrrolizidine alkaloid with the

Precopulatory sexual interaction in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): Role of a pheromone derived from dietary alkaloids

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Novel sex pheromone components from the fall cankerworm moth,Alsophila pometaria

A sex pheromone extract from fall cankerworm moths,Alsophila pometaria, attracted conspecific males in field tests and studies of the behavioral responses of male moths in a flight tunnel showed II, III, and IV were the major components of the sex phersomone.

Apparency of pulsed and continuous pheromone to male gypsy moths

It is suggested that in the gypsy moth pulsed pheromone stimuli would not lower the threshold, despite the improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio, and temporal modulation of the phersomone plume at 1-sec intervals does not alter the “preprogrammed” upwind flight pattern.

Sex pheromone components of fall cankerworm moth,Alsophila pometaria

Flight-tunnel bioassays and field-trapping experiments confirmed that the two tetraenes together with (Z,Z, Z)-3,6,9-nonadecatriene are sex pheromone components.



Hydrocarbon Sex Pheromone in Tiger Moths (Arctiidae)

2-Methylheptadecane is a sex pheromone compound in many sibling species of the Holomelina aurantiaca complex, in Holomelina laeta, and in Pyrrharctia isabella, which are all arctiids. Habitat

Sex Pheromone of the Queen Butterfly: Biology

Under certain experimental circumstances, the competence of these males was restored by addition of synthetic ketone, and they showed reduced seductive capacity.

A pheromone precursor and its uptake in maleDanaus butterflies

Summary1.MaleDanaus chrysippus butterflies the larvae of which have been raised indoors on their natural foodplants (Asclepias) lack the pyrrolizidinone pheromone (Fig. 1, I) which is known from the

Reinvestigation of oak leaf roller sex pheromone components and the hypothesis that they vary with diet.

The sex pheromone of the oak leaf roller, Archips semiferanus, was identified as a specific blend (67:33) of trans-11- and cis- 11-tetradecenyl acetates, which conflict with the hypothesis that the composition and perception of month sex phersomones vary with slight changes in diet.

Evidence for origin of insect sex pheromones: presence in food plants.

Compounds identified as sex attractant pheromones in a number of phytophagous insects were found in a variety of host plants, which suggests that dietary factors may provide an evolutionary mechanism for diversification of certain insect species.

An analysis of anemotactic zigzagging flight in male moths stimulated by pheromone

The zigzagging behaviour of male Plodia interpunctella flying up a plume of sex pheromone was investigated in a horizontal wind tunnel by detailed analysis of the moths' ground tracks, groundspeeds, orientations and airspeeds and it is inferred that the moth, although unable to sense the wind directly, are able to compensate for changes in wind speed.

Porapak-Q collection of airborne organic compounds serving as models for insect pheromones

Organic compounds with properties resembling those of insect pheromones can be removed from an airstream by absorption on Porapak Q and recovered from the absorbent by extraction. When this procedure


Chemical examination of the hairpencils of New Hebridean Danainae has extended the number of species known to secrete dihydropyrrolizines. Field observations and results obtained from butterflies

Temporal patterning in olfactory communication.

  • W. Bossert
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1968