Sex and Death: Gender Differences in Aggression and Motivations for Violence

@article{McDermott2015SexAD,
  title={Sex and Death: Gender Differences in Aggression and Motivations for Violence},
  author={Rose McDermott},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2015},
  volume={69},
  pages={753 - 775}
}
  • Rose McDermott
  • Published 30 March 2015
  • Sociology
  • International Organization
Abstract Greater theoretical consensus and cohesion could offer critical insights for the broader community of international relations scholars into the role that gender plays in spawning and sustaining processes of violence. This review essay examines the role of gender in generating and perpetuating violence and aggression, both in theory and practice. I make four central claims. First, in many studies involving the role of sex and gender in violence, specific causal models tend to remain… 
Does More Equality for Women Mean Less War? Rethinking Sex and Gender Inequality and Political Violence
Abstract Recent world events, such as the rise of hypermasculine authoritarian leaders, have shown the importance of both sex and gender for understanding international politics. However,
Gender differences in support for direct and indirect political aggression in the context of protracted conflict
The relationship between gender and political aggression is hotly debated and the empirical evidence is often mixed. While many surveys find a gender gap, with women less supportive of politically
The Suffragist Peace
Abstract Preferences for conflict and cooperation are systematically different for men and women: across a variety of contexts, women generally prefer more peaceful options and are less supportive of
Post-traumatic Reactions and Their Predictors among Workers Who Experienced Serious Violent Acts: Are There Sex Differences?
TLDR
Sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions are described to highlight the necessity to better consider sex as a potential determinant of mental health in studies on workplace violence.
Do Women Make More Credible Threats? Gender Stereotypes, Audience Costs, and Crisis Bargaining
Abstract As more women attain executive office, it is important to understand how gender dynamics affect international politics. Toward this end, we present the first evidence that gender stereotypes
Combatant rank and socialization to norms of restraint: examining the Australian and Philippine armies
ABSTRACT How does combatant rank influence the adoption of international humanitarian law (IHL) norms—or “norms of restraint”—within military organizations? To date, few political science studies
Does female ratio balancing influence the efficacy of peacekeeping units? Exploring the impact of female peacekeepers on post-conflict outcomes and behavior
ABSTRACT The UN. has intensified efforts to recruit female peacekeepers for peacekeeping missions. From 2006 to 2014, the number of female military personnel in UN peacekeeping missions nearly
How Does Media Influence Social Norms ? A Field Experiment on the Role of Common Knowledge
How does media influence beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors? We know surprisingly little about this influence and I argue that two mechanisms account for its impact. Media provides new information
Gender differences in aggression: The role of displaying facial emotional cues in a competitive situation.
TLDR
Women were less aggressive than men when receiving emotional cues of sadness and anger from the sender and no gender differences occurred when a neutral expression was displayed or in the absence of any expression.
Peace Above the Glass Ceiling: The Historical Relationship Between Female Political Empowerment and Civil Conflict
We investigate whether female political empowerment is conducive to civil peace, drawing on global data on female political empowerment over a 200-year period, from the Varieties of Democracy
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 88 REFERENCES
Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict
We know, most notably through Ted Gurr's research, that ethnic discrimination can lead to ethnopolitical rebellion–intrastate conflict. I seek to discover what impact, if any, gender inequality has
Gender Equality and State Aggression: The Impact of Domestic Gender Equality on State First Use of Force
I examine the role of domestic gender equality in predicting whether or not a state is more aggressive in international disputes. This research adds to a growing body of feminist research in
Ethnic Discrimination and Interstate Violence: Testing the International Impact of Domestic Behavior
It has been shown in the work of Ted Gurr and others that ethnic discrimination can lead to ethno-political rebellion, and that rebellion often leads to interstate conflict. The authors seek to
Gender, Violence, and International Crisis
Women work for peace, and men wage war—cooperative women, conflictual men. These images pervade conventional wisdom about the efficacy of women in leadership roles and decision-making environments,
Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence
This study is an analysis of the roots of human savagery, dealing with the fundamental questions of why the majority of violence is perpetrated by men, whether this is a matter of nature or nurture
Men, women, and murder: gender-specific differences in rates of fatal violence and victimization.
To study the potential differences that distinguish homicides involving women as victims or offenders from those involving men, we analyzed Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports data
Gender, Feminism, and Attitudes Toward International Conflict: Exploring Relationships with Survey Data from the Middle East
In an effort to contribute to the dialogue between gender studies and international studies, this report presents findings from an empirical investigation based on the integrated secondary analysis
Female Combatants and the Perpetration of Violence: Wartime Rape in the Sierra Leone Civil War
Much of the current scholarship on wartime violence, including studies of the combatants themselves, assumes that women are victims and men are perpetrators. However, there is an increasing awareness
Women's Access to Politics and Peaceful States
The article examines the relationship between women in society and the use of force by the state in the international arena. The arguments build on a conception of power relationships found in gender
Stirring Gender into the Mainstream: Constructivism, Feminism and the Uses of IR Theory
The point of “Gender Theory in World Politics: Contributions of a Non-Feminist Standpoint?” (Carpenter 2002) was not to delineate new parameters for gender in IR but to kindle some dialogue about the
...
...